1 | /* -*- C++ -*- |
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2 | * |
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3 | * This file is a part of LEMON, a generic C++ optimization library |
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4 | * |
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5 | * Copyright (C) 2003-2008 |
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6 | * Egervary Jeno Kombinatorikus Optimalizalasi Kutatocsoport |
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7 | * (Egervary Research Group on Combinatorial Optimization, EGRES). |
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8 | * |
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9 | * Permission to use, modify and distribute this software is granted |
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10 | * provided that this copyright notice appears in all copies. For |
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11 | * precise terms see the accompanying LICENSE file. |
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12 | * |
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13 | * This software is provided "AS IS" with no warranty of any kind, |
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14 | * express or implied, and with no claim as to its suitability for any |
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15 | * purpose. |
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16 | * |
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17 | */ |
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18 | |
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19 | #ifndef LEMON_DIMACS_H |
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20 | #define LEMON_DIMACS_H |
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21 | |
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22 | #include <iostream> |
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23 | #include <string> |
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24 | #include <vector> |
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25 | #include <lemon/maps.h> |
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26 | #include <lemon/bits/invalid.h> |
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27 | |
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28 | /// \ingroup dimacs_group |
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29 | /// \file |
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30 | /// \brief DIMACS file format reader. |
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31 | |
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32 | namespace lemon { |
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33 | |
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34 | ///@defgroup dimacs_group DIMACS format |
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35 | ///\brief Read and write files in DIMACS format |
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36 | /// |
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37 | ///Tools to read a graph from or write it to a file in DIMACS format |
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38 | ///data |
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39 | ///\ingroup io_group |
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40 | |
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41 | /// \addtogroup dimacs_group |
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42 | /// @{ |
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43 | |
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44 | /// DIMACS min cost flow reader function. |
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45 | /// |
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46 | /// This function reads a min cost flow instance from DIMACS format, |
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47 | /// i.e. from DIMACS files having a line starting with |
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48 | /// \code |
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49 | /// p min |
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50 | /// \endcode |
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51 | /// At the beginning \c g is cleared by \c g.clear(). The supply |
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52 | /// amount of the nodes are written to \c supply (signed). The |
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53 | /// lower bounds, capacities and costs of the edges are written to |
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54 | /// \c lower, \c capacity and \c cost. |
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55 | /// |
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56 | /// \author Marton Makai and Peter Kovacs |
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57 | template <typename Graph, typename LowerMap, |
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58 | typename CapacityMap, typename CostMap, |
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59 | typename SupplyMap> |
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60 | void readDimacs( std::istream& is, |
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61 | Graph &g, |
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62 | LowerMap& lower, |
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63 | CapacityMap& capacity, |
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64 | CostMap& cost, |
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65 | SupplyMap& supply ) |
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66 | { |
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67 | g.clear(); |
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68 | std::vector<typename Graph::Node> nodes; |
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69 | typename Graph::Edge e; |
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70 | std::string problem, str; |
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71 | char c; |
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72 | int n, m; |
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73 | int i, j; |
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74 | typename SupplyMap::Value sup; |
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75 | typename CapacityMap::Value low; |
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76 | typename CapacityMap::Value cap; |
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77 | typename CostMap::Value co; |
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78 | while (is >> c) { |
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79 | switch (c) { |
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80 | case 'c': // comment line |
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81 | getline(is, str); |
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82 | break; |
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83 | case 'p': // problem definition line |
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84 | is >> problem >> n >> m; |
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85 | getline(is, str); |
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86 | if (problem != "min") return; |
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87 | nodes.resize(n + 1); |
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88 | for (int k = 1; k <= n; ++k) { |
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89 | nodes[k] = g.addNode(); |
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90 | supply.set(nodes[k], 0); |
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91 | } |
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92 | break; |
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93 | case 'n': // node definition line |
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94 | is >> i >> sup; |
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95 | getline(is, str); |
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96 | supply.set(nodes[i], sup); |
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97 | break; |
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98 | case 'a': // edge (arc) definition line |
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99 | is >> i >> j >> low >> cap >> co; |
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100 | getline(is, str); |
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101 | e = g.addEdge(nodes[i], nodes[j]); |
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102 | lower.set(e, low); |
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103 | if (cap >= 0) |
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104 | capacity.set(e, cap); |
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105 | else |
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106 | capacity.set(e, -1); |
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107 | cost.set(e, co); |
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108 | break; |
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109 | } |
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110 | } |
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111 | } |
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112 | |
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113 | /// DIMACS max flow reader function. |
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114 | /// |
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115 | /// This function reads a max flow instance from DIMACS format, |
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116 | /// i.e. from DIMACS files having a line starting with |
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117 | /// \code |
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118 | /// p max |
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119 | /// \endcode |
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120 | /// At the beginning \c g is cleared by \c g.clear(). The edge |
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121 | /// capacities are written to \c capacity and \c s and \c t are |
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122 | /// set to the source and the target nodes. |
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123 | /// |
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124 | /// \author Marton Makai |
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125 | template<typename Graph, typename CapacityMap> |
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126 | void readDimacs(std::istream& is, Graph &g, CapacityMap& capacity, |
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127 | typename Graph::Node &s, typename Graph::Node &t) { |
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128 | g.clear(); |
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129 | std::vector<typename Graph::Node> nodes; |
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130 | typename Graph::Edge e; |
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131 | std::string problem; |
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132 | char c, d; |
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133 | int n, m; |
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134 | int i, j; |
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135 | typename CapacityMap::Value _cap; |
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136 | std::string str; |
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137 | while (is >> c) { |
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138 | switch (c) { |
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139 | case 'c': // comment line |
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140 | getline(is, str); |
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141 | break; |
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142 | case 'p': // problem definition line |
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143 | is >> problem >> n >> m; |
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144 | getline(is, str); |
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145 | nodes.resize(n + 1); |
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146 | for (int k = 1; k <= n; ++k) |
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147 | nodes[k] = g.addNode(); |
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148 | break; |
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149 | case 'n': // node definition line |
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150 | if (problem == "sp") { // shortest path problem |
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151 | is >> i; |
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152 | getline(is, str); |
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153 | s = nodes[i]; |
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154 | } |
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155 | if (problem == "max") { // max flow problem |
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156 | is >> i >> d; |
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157 | getline(is, str); |
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158 | if (d == 's') s = nodes[i]; |
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159 | if (d == 't') t = nodes[i]; |
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160 | } |
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161 | break; |
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162 | case 'a': // edge (arc) definition line |
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163 | if (problem == "max" || problem == "sp") { |
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164 | is >> i >> j >> _cap; |
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165 | getline(is, str); |
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166 | e = g.addEdge(nodes[i], nodes[j]); |
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167 | capacity.set(e, _cap); |
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168 | } else { |
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169 | is >> i >> j; |
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170 | getline(is, str); |
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171 | g.addEdge(nodes[i], nodes[j]); |
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172 | } |
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173 | break; |
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174 | } |
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175 | } |
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176 | } |
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177 | |
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178 | /// DIMACS shortest path reader function. |
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179 | /// |
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180 | /// This function reads a shortest path instance from DIMACS format, |
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181 | /// i.e. from DIMACS files having a line starting with |
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182 | /// \code |
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183 | /// p sp |
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184 | /// \endcode |
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185 | /// At the beginning \c g is cleared by \c g.clear(). The edge |
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186 | /// capacities are written to \c capacity and \c s is set to the |
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187 | /// source node. |
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188 | /// |
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189 | /// \author Marton Makai |
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190 | template<typename Graph, typename CapacityMap> |
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191 | void readDimacs(std::istream& is, Graph &g, CapacityMap& capacity, |
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192 | typename Graph::Node &s) { |
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193 | readDimacs(is, g, capacity, s, s); |
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194 | } |
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195 | |
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196 | /// DIMACS capacitated graph reader function. |
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197 | /// |
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198 | /// This function reads an edge capacitated graph instance from |
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199 | /// DIMACS format. At the beginning \c g is cleared by \c g.clear() |
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200 | /// and the edge capacities are written to \c capacity. |
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201 | /// |
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202 | /// \author Marton Makai |
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203 | template<typename Graph, typename CapacityMap> |
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204 | void readDimacs(std::istream& is, Graph &g, CapacityMap& capacity) { |
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205 | typename Graph::Node u; |
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206 | readDimacs(is, g, capacity, u, u); |
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207 | } |
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208 | |
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209 | /// DIMACS plain graph reader function. |
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210 | /// |
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211 | /// This function reads a graph without any designated nodes and |
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212 | /// maps from DIMACS format, i.e. from DIMACS files having a line |
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213 | /// starting with |
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214 | /// \code |
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215 | /// p mat |
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216 | /// \endcode |
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217 | /// At the beginning \c g is cleared by \c g.clear(). |
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218 | /// |
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219 | /// \author Marton Makai |
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220 | template<typename Graph> |
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221 | void readDimacs(std::istream& is, Graph &g) { |
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222 | typename Graph::Node u; |
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223 | NullMap<typename Graph::Edge, int> n; |
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224 | readDimacs(is, g, n, u, u); |
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225 | } |
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226 | |
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227 | /// DIMACS plain graph writer function. |
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228 | /// |
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229 | /// This function writes a graph without any designated nodes and |
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230 | /// maps into DIMACS format, i.e. into DIMACS file having a line |
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231 | /// starting with |
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232 | /// \code |
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233 | /// p mat |
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234 | /// \endcode |
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235 | /// |
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236 | /// \author Marton Makai |
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237 | template<typename Graph> |
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238 | void writeDimacs(std::ostream& os, const Graph &g) { |
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239 | typedef typename Graph::NodeIt NodeIt; |
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240 | typedef typename Graph::EdgeIt EdgeIt; |
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241 | |
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242 | os << "c matching problem" << std::endl; |
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243 | os << "p mat " << g.nodeNum() << " " << g.edgeNum() << std::endl; |
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244 | |
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245 | typename Graph::template NodeMap<int> nodes(g); |
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246 | int i = 1; |
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247 | for(NodeIt v(g); v != INVALID; ++v) { |
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248 | nodes.set(v, i); |
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249 | ++i; |
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250 | } |
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251 | for(EdgeIt e(g); e != INVALID; ++e) { |
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252 | os << "a " << nodes[g.source(e)] << " " << nodes[g.target(e)] << std::endl; |
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253 | } |
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254 | } |
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255 | |
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256 | /// @} |
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257 | |
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258 | } //namespace lemon |
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259 | |
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260 | #endif //LEMON_DIMACS_H |
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