1 | /* -*- C++ -*- |
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2 | * lemon/maps.h - Part of LEMON, a generic C++ optimization library |
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3 | * |
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4 | * Copyright (C) 2006 Egervary Jeno Kombinatorikus Optimalizalasi Kutatocsoport |
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5 | * (Egervary Research Group on Combinatorial Optimization, EGRES). |
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6 | * |
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7 | * Permission to use, modify and distribute this software is granted |
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8 | * provided that this copyright notice appears in all copies. For |
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9 | * precise terms see the accompanying LICENSE file. |
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10 | * |
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11 | * This software is provided "AS IS" with no warranty of any kind, |
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12 | * express or implied, and with no claim as to its suitability for any |
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13 | * purpose. |
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14 | * |
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15 | */ |
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16 | |
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17 | #ifndef LEMON_MAPS_H |
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18 | #define LEMON_MAPS_H |
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19 | |
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20 | #include <iterator> |
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21 | |
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22 | #include <lemon/utility.h> |
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23 | #include <lemon/traits.h> |
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24 | |
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25 | ///\file |
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26 | ///\ingroup maps |
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27 | ///\brief Miscellaneous property maps |
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28 | /// |
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29 | ///\todo This file has the same name as the concept file in concept/, |
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30 | /// and this is not easily detectable in docs... |
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31 | |
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32 | #include <map> |
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33 | |
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34 | namespace lemon { |
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35 | |
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36 | /// \addtogroup maps |
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37 | /// @{ |
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38 | |
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39 | /// Base class of maps. |
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40 | |
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41 | /// Base class of maps. |
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42 | /// It provides the necessary <tt>typedef</tt>s required by the map concept. |
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43 | template<typename K, typename T> |
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44 | class MapBase { |
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45 | public: |
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46 | ///\e |
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47 | typedef K Key; |
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48 | ///\e |
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49 | typedef T Value; |
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50 | }; |
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51 | |
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52 | /// Null map. (a.k.a. DoNothingMap) |
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53 | |
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54 | /// If you have to provide a map only for its type definitions, |
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55 | /// or if you have to provide a writable map, but |
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56 | /// data written to it will sent to <tt>/dev/null</tt>... |
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57 | template<typename K, typename T> |
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58 | class NullMap : public MapBase<K, T> { |
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59 | public: |
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60 | typedef MapBase<K, T> Parent; |
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61 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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62 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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63 | |
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64 | /// Gives back a default constructed element. |
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65 | T operator[](const K&) const { return T(); } |
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66 | /// Absorbs the value. |
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67 | void set(const K&, const T&) {} |
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68 | }; |
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69 | |
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70 | template <typename K, typename V> |
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71 | NullMap<K, V> nullMap() { |
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72 | return NullMap<K, V>(); |
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73 | } |
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74 | |
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75 | |
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76 | /// Constant map. |
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77 | |
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78 | /// This is a readable map which assigns a specified value to each key. |
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79 | /// In other aspects it is equivalent to the \ref NullMap. |
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80 | /// \todo set could be used to set the value. |
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81 | template<typename K, typename T> |
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82 | class ConstMap : public MapBase<K, T> { |
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83 | private: |
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84 | T v; |
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85 | public: |
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86 | |
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87 | typedef MapBase<K, T> Parent; |
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88 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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89 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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90 | |
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91 | /// Default constructor |
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92 | |
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93 | /// The value of the map will be uninitialized. |
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94 | /// (More exactly it will be default constructed.) |
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95 | ConstMap() {} |
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96 | ///\e |
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97 | |
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98 | /// \param _v The initial value of the map. |
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99 | /// |
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100 | ConstMap(const T &_v) : v(_v) {} |
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101 | |
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102 | T operator[](const K&) const { return v; } |
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103 | void set(const K&, const T&) {} |
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104 | |
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105 | template<typename T1> |
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106 | struct rebind { |
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107 | typedef ConstMap<K, T1> other; |
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108 | }; |
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109 | |
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110 | template<typename T1> |
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111 | ConstMap(const ConstMap<K, T1> &, const T &_v) : v(_v) {} |
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112 | }; |
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113 | |
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114 | ///Returns a \ref ConstMap class |
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115 | |
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116 | ///This function just returns a \ref ConstMap class. |
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117 | ///\relates ConstMap |
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118 | template<typename K, typename V> |
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119 | inline ConstMap<K, V> constMap(const V &v) { |
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120 | return ConstMap<K, V>(v); |
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121 | } |
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122 | |
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123 | |
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124 | //\todo to document later |
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125 | template<typename T, T v> |
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126 | struct Const { }; |
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127 | |
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128 | //\todo to document later |
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129 | template<typename K, typename V, V v> |
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130 | class ConstMap<K, Const<V, v> > : public MapBase<K, V> { |
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131 | public: |
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132 | typedef MapBase<K, V> Parent; |
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133 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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134 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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135 | |
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136 | ConstMap() { } |
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137 | V operator[](const K&) const { return v; } |
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138 | void set(const K&, const V&) { } |
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139 | }; |
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140 | |
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141 | ///Returns a \ref ConstMap class |
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142 | |
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143 | ///This function just returns a \ref ConstMap class. |
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144 | ///\relates ConstMap |
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145 | template<typename K, typename V, V v> |
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146 | inline ConstMap<K, Const<V, v> > constMap() { |
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147 | return ConstMap<K, Const<V, v> >(); |
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148 | } |
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149 | |
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150 | /// \c std::map wrapper |
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151 | |
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152 | /// This is essentially a wrapper for \c std::map. With addition that |
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153 | /// you can specify a default value different from \c Value() . |
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154 | /// |
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155 | /// \todo Provide allocator parameter... |
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156 | template <typename K, typename T, typename Compare = std::less<K> > |
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157 | class StdMap : public std::map<K, T, Compare> { |
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158 | typedef std::map<K, T, Compare> parent; |
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159 | T v; |
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160 | typedef typename parent::value_type PairType; |
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161 | |
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162 | public: |
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163 | ///\e |
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164 | typedef K Key; |
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165 | ///\e |
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166 | typedef T Value; |
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167 | ///\e |
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168 | typedef T& Reference; |
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169 | ///\e |
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170 | typedef const T& ConstReference; |
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171 | |
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172 | |
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173 | StdMap() : v() {} |
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174 | /// Constructor with specified default value |
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175 | StdMap(const T& _v) : v(_v) {} |
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176 | |
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177 | /// \brief Constructs the map from an appropriate std::map. |
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178 | /// |
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179 | /// \warning Inefficient: copies the content of \c m ! |
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180 | StdMap(const parent &m) : parent(m) {} |
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181 | /// \brief Constructs the map from an appropriate std::map, and explicitly |
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182 | /// specifies a default value. |
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183 | /// |
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184 | /// \warning Inefficient: copies the content of \c m ! |
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185 | StdMap(const parent &m, const T& _v) : parent(m), v(_v) {} |
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186 | |
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187 | template<typename T1, typename Comp1> |
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188 | StdMap(const StdMap<Key, T1,Comp1> &m, const T &_v) { |
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189 | //FIXME; |
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190 | } |
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191 | |
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192 | Reference operator[](const Key &k) { |
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193 | return insert(PairType(k,v)).first -> second; |
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194 | } |
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195 | |
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196 | ConstReference operator[](const Key &k) const { |
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197 | typename parent::iterator i = lower_bound(k); |
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198 | if (i == parent::end() || parent::key_comp()(k, (*i).first)) |
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199 | return v; |
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200 | return (*i).second; |
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201 | } |
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202 | void set(const Key &k, const T &t) { |
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203 | parent::operator[](k) = t; |
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204 | } |
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205 | |
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206 | /// Changes the default value of the map. |
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207 | /// \return Returns the previous default value. |
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208 | /// |
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209 | /// \warning The value of some keys (which has already been queried, but |
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210 | /// the value has been unchanged from the default) may change! |
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211 | T setDefault(const T &_v) { T old=v; v=_v; return old; } |
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212 | |
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213 | template<typename T1> |
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214 | struct rebind { |
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215 | typedef StdMap<Key, T1,Compare> other; |
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216 | }; |
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217 | }; |
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218 | |
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219 | /// @} |
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220 | |
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221 | /// \addtogroup map_adaptors |
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222 | /// @{ |
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223 | |
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224 | /// \brief Identity mapping. |
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225 | /// |
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226 | /// This mapping gives back the given key as value without any |
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227 | /// modification. |
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228 | template <typename T> |
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229 | class IdentityMap : public MapBase<T, T> { |
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230 | public: |
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231 | typedef MapBase<T, T> Parent; |
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232 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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233 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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234 | |
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235 | const T& operator[](const T& t) const { |
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236 | return t; |
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237 | } |
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238 | }; |
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239 | |
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240 | ///Returns an \ref IdentityMap class |
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241 | |
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242 | ///This function just returns an \ref IdentityMap class. |
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243 | ///\relates IdentityMap |
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244 | template<typename T> |
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245 | inline IdentityMap<T> identityMap() { |
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246 | return IdentityMap<T>(); |
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247 | } |
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248 | |
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249 | |
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250 | ///Convert the \c Value of a map to another type. |
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251 | |
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252 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" |
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253 | ///converts the \c Value of a maps to type \c T. |
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254 | ///Its \c Key is inherited from \c M. |
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255 | template <typename M, typename T> |
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256 | class ConvertMap : public MapBase<typename M::Key, T> { |
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257 | const M& m; |
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258 | public: |
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259 | typedef MapBase<typename M::Key, T> Parent; |
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260 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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261 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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262 | |
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263 | ///Constructor |
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264 | |
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265 | ///Constructor |
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266 | ///\param _m is the underlying map |
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267 | ConvertMap(const M &_m) : m(_m) {}; |
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268 | |
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269 | /// \brief The subscript operator. |
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270 | /// |
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271 | /// The subscript operator. |
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272 | /// \param k The key |
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273 | /// \return The target of the edge |
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274 | Value operator[](const Key& k) const {return m[k];} |
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275 | }; |
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276 | |
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277 | ///Returns an \ref ConvertMap class |
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278 | |
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279 | ///This function just returns an \ref ConvertMap class. |
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280 | ///\relates ConvertMap |
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281 | ///\todo The order of the template parameters are changed. |
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282 | template<typename T, typename M> |
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283 | inline ConvertMap<M, T> convertMap(const M &m) { |
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284 | return ConvertMap<M, T>(m); |
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285 | } |
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286 | |
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287 | ///Sum of two maps |
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288 | |
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289 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the sum of the two |
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290 | ///given maps. Its \c Key and \c Value will be inherited from \c M1. |
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291 | ///The \c Key and \c Value of M2 must be convertible to those of \c M1. |
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292 | |
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293 | template<typename M1, typename M2> |
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294 | class AddMap : public MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> { |
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295 | const M1& m1; |
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296 | const M2& m2; |
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297 | |
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298 | public: |
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299 | typedef MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> Parent; |
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300 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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301 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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302 | |
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303 | ///Constructor |
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304 | AddMap(const M1 &_m1,const M2 &_m2) : m1(_m1), m2(_m2) {}; |
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305 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return m1[k]+m2[k];} |
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306 | }; |
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307 | |
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308 | ///Returns an \ref AddMap class |
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309 | |
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310 | ///This function just returns an \ref AddMap class. |
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311 | ///\todo How to call these type of functions? |
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312 | /// |
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313 | ///\relates AddMap |
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314 | ///\todo Wrong scope in Doxygen when \c \\relates is used |
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315 | template<typename M1, typename M2> |
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316 | inline AddMap<M1, M2> addMap(const M1 &m1,const M2 &m2) { |
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317 | return AddMap<M1, M2>(m1,m2); |
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318 | } |
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319 | |
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320 | ///Shift a map with a constant. |
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321 | |
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322 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the sum of the |
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323 | ///given map and a constant value. |
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324 | ///Its \c Key and \c Value is inherited from \c M. |
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325 | /// |
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326 | ///Actually, |
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327 | ///\code |
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328 | /// ShiftMap<X> sh(x,v); |
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329 | ///\endcode |
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330 | ///is equivalent with |
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331 | ///\code |
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332 | /// ConstMap<X::Key, X::Value> c_tmp(v); |
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333 | /// AddMap<X, ConstMap<X::Key, X::Value> > sh(x,v); |
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334 | ///\endcode |
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335 | template<typename M, typename C = typename M::Value> |
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336 | class ShiftMap : public MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> { |
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337 | const M& m; |
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338 | C v; |
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339 | public: |
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340 | typedef MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> Parent; |
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341 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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342 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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343 | |
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344 | ///Constructor |
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345 | |
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346 | ///Constructor |
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347 | ///\param _m is the undelying map |
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348 | ///\param _v is the shift value |
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349 | ShiftMap(const M &_m, const C &_v ) : m(_m), v(_v) {}; |
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350 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return m[k] + v;} |
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351 | }; |
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352 | |
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353 | ///Returns an \ref ShiftMap class |
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354 | |
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355 | ///This function just returns an \ref ShiftMap class. |
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356 | ///\relates ShiftMap |
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357 | ///\todo A better name is required. |
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358 | template<typename M, typename C> |
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359 | inline ShiftMap<M, C> shiftMap(const M &m,const C &v) { |
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360 | return ShiftMap<M, C>(m,v); |
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361 | } |
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362 | |
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363 | ///Difference of two maps |
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364 | |
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365 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the difference |
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366 | ///of the values of the two |
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367 | ///given maps. Its \c Key and \c Value will be inherited from \c M1. |
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368 | ///The \c Key and \c Value of \c M2 must be convertible to those of \c M1. |
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369 | |
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370 | template<typename M1, typename M2> |
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371 | class SubMap : public MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> { |
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372 | const M1& m1; |
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373 | const M2& m2; |
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374 | public: |
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375 | typedef MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> Parent; |
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376 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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377 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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378 | |
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379 | ///Constructor |
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380 | SubMap(const M1 &_m1,const M2 &_m2) : m1(_m1), m2(_m2) {}; |
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381 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return m1[k]-m2[k];} |
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382 | }; |
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383 | |
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384 | ///Returns a \ref SubMap class |
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385 | |
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386 | ///This function just returns a \ref SubMap class. |
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387 | /// |
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388 | ///\relates SubMap |
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389 | template<typename M1, typename M2> |
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390 | inline SubMap<M1, M2> subMap(const M1 &m1, const M2 &m2) { |
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391 | return SubMap<M1, M2>(m1, m2); |
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392 | } |
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393 | |
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394 | ///Product of two maps |
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395 | |
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396 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the product of the |
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397 | ///values of the two |
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398 | ///given |
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399 | ///maps. Its \c Key and \c Value will be inherited from \c M1. |
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400 | ///The \c Key and \c Value of \c M2 must be convertible to those of \c M1. |
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401 | |
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402 | template<typename M1, typename M2> |
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403 | class MulMap : public MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> { |
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404 | const M1& m1; |
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405 | const M2& m2; |
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406 | public: |
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407 | typedef MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> Parent; |
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408 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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409 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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410 | |
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411 | ///Constructor |
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412 | MulMap(const M1 &_m1,const M2 &_m2) : m1(_m1), m2(_m2) {}; |
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413 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return m1[k]*m2[k];} |
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414 | }; |
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415 | |
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416 | ///Returns a \ref MulMap class |
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417 | |
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418 | ///This function just returns a \ref MulMap class. |
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419 | ///\relates MulMap |
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420 | template<typename M1, typename M2> |
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421 | inline MulMap<M1, M2> mulMap(const M1 &m1,const M2 &m2) { |
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422 | return MulMap<M1, M2>(m1,m2); |
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423 | } |
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424 | |
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425 | ///Scales a maps with a constant. |
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426 | |
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427 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the value of the |
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428 | ///given map multiplied from the left side with a constant value. |
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429 | ///Its \c Key and \c Value is inherited from \c M. |
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430 | /// |
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431 | ///Actually, |
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432 | ///\code |
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433 | /// ScaleMap<X> sc(x,v); |
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434 | ///\endcode |
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435 | ///is equivalent with |
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436 | ///\code |
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437 | /// ConstMap<X::Key, X::Value> c_tmp(v); |
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438 | /// MulMap<X, ConstMap<X::Key, X::Value> > sc(x,v); |
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439 | ///\endcode |
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440 | template<typename M, typename C = typename M::Value> |
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441 | class ScaleMap : public MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> { |
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442 | const M& m; |
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443 | C v; |
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444 | public: |
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445 | typedef MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> Parent; |
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446 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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447 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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448 | |
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449 | ///Constructor |
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450 | |
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451 | ///Constructor |
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452 | ///\param _m is the undelying map |
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453 | ///\param _v is the scaling value |
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454 | ScaleMap(const M &_m, const C &_v ) : m(_m), v(_v) {}; |
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455 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return v * m[k];} |
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456 | }; |
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457 | |
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458 | ///Returns an \ref ScaleMap class |
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459 | |
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460 | ///This function just returns an \ref ScaleMap class. |
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461 | ///\relates ScaleMap |
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462 | ///\todo A better name is required. |
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463 | template<typename M, typename C> |
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464 | inline ScaleMap<M, C> scaleMap(const M &m,const C &v) { |
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465 | return ScaleMap<M, C>(m,v); |
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466 | } |
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467 | |
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468 | ///Quotient of two maps |
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469 | |
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470 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the quotient of the |
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471 | ///values of the two |
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472 | ///given maps. Its \c Key and \c Value will be inherited from \c M1. |
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473 | ///The \c Key and \c Value of \c M2 must be convertible to those of \c M1. |
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474 | |
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475 | template<typename M1, typename M2> |
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476 | class DivMap : public MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> { |
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477 | const M1& m1; |
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478 | const M2& m2; |
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479 | public: |
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480 | typedef MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> Parent; |
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481 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
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482 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
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483 | |
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484 | ///Constructor |
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485 | DivMap(const M1 &_m1,const M2 &_m2) : m1(_m1), m2(_m2) {}; |
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486 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return m1[k]/m2[k];} |
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487 | }; |
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488 | |
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489 | ///Returns a \ref DivMap class |
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490 | |
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491 | ///This function just returns a \ref DivMap class. |
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492 | ///\relates DivMap |
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493 | template<typename M1, typename M2> |
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494 | inline DivMap<M1, M2> divMap(const M1 &m1,const M2 &m2) { |
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495 | return DivMap<M1, M2>(m1,m2); |
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496 | } |
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497 | |
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498 | ///Composition of two maps |
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499 | |
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500 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the composition of |
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501 | ///two |
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502 | ///given maps. That is to say, if \c m1 is of type \c M1 and \c m2 is |
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503 | ///of \c M2, |
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504 | ///then for |
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505 | ///\code |
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506 | /// ComposeMap<M1, M2> cm(m1,m2); |
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507 | ///\endcode |
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508 | /// <tt>cm[x]</tt> will be equal to <tt>m1[m2[x]]</tt> |
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509 | /// |
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510 | ///Its \c Key is inherited from \c M2 and its \c Value is from |
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511 | ///\c M1. |
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512 | ///The \c M2::Value must be convertible to \c M1::Key. |
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513 | ///\todo Check the requirements. |
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514 | |
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515 | template <typename M1, typename M2> |
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516 | class ComposeMap : public MapBase<typename M2::Key, typename M1::Value> { |
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517 | const M1& m1; |
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518 | const M2& m2; |
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519 | public: |
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520 | typedef MapBase<typename M2::Key, typename M1::Value> Parent; |
---|
521 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
---|
522 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
---|
523 | |
---|
524 | ///Constructor |
---|
525 | ComposeMap(const M1 &_m1,const M2 &_m2) : m1(_m1), m2(_m2) {}; |
---|
526 | |
---|
527 | typename MapTraits<M1>::ConstReturnValue |
---|
528 | operator[](Key k) const {return m1[m2[k]];} |
---|
529 | }; |
---|
530 | ///Returns a \ref ComposeMap class |
---|
531 | |
---|
532 | ///This function just returns a \ref ComposeMap class. |
---|
533 | /// |
---|
534 | ///\relates ComposeMap |
---|
535 | template <typename M1, typename M2> |
---|
536 | inline ComposeMap<M1, M2> composeMap(const M1 &m1,const M2 &m2) { |
---|
537 | return ComposeMap<M1, M2>(m1,m2); |
---|
538 | } |
---|
539 | |
---|
540 | ///Combines of two maps using an STL (binary) functor. |
---|
541 | |
---|
542 | ///Combines of two maps using an STL (binary) functor. |
---|
543 | /// |
---|
544 | /// |
---|
545 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" takes two maps and a |
---|
546 | ///binary functor and returns the composition of |
---|
547 | ///the two |
---|
548 | ///given maps unsing the functor. |
---|
549 | ///That is to say, if \c m1 and \c m2 is of type \c M1 and \c M2 |
---|
550 | ///and \c f is of \c F, |
---|
551 | ///then for |
---|
552 | ///\code |
---|
553 | /// CombineMap<M1, M2,F,V> cm(m1,m2,f); |
---|
554 | ///\endcode |
---|
555 | /// <tt>cm[x]</tt> will be equal to <tt>f(m1[x],m2[x])</tt> |
---|
556 | /// |
---|
557 | ///Its \c Key is inherited from \c M1 and its \c Value is \c V. |
---|
558 | ///The \c M2::Value and \c M1::Value must be convertible to the corresponding |
---|
559 | ///input parameter of \c F and the return type of \c F must be convertible |
---|
560 | ///to \c V. |
---|
561 | ///\todo Check the requirements. |
---|
562 | |
---|
563 | template<typename M1, typename M2, typename F, |
---|
564 | typename V = typename F::result_type, |
---|
565 | typename NC = False> |
---|
566 | class CombineMap : public MapBase<typename M1::Key, V> { |
---|
567 | const M1& m1; |
---|
568 | const M2& m2; |
---|
569 | F f; |
---|
570 | public: |
---|
571 | typedef MapBase<typename M1::Key, V> Parent; |
---|
572 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
---|
573 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
---|
574 | |
---|
575 | ///Constructor |
---|
576 | CombineMap(const M1 &_m1,const M2 &_m2,const F &_f) |
---|
577 | : m1(_m1), m2(_m2), f(_f) {}; |
---|
578 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return f(m1[k],m2[k]);} |
---|
579 | }; |
---|
580 | |
---|
581 | ///Returns a \ref CombineMap class |
---|
582 | |
---|
583 | ///This function just returns a \ref CombineMap class. |
---|
584 | /// |
---|
585 | ///Only the first template parameter (the value type) must be given. |
---|
586 | /// |
---|
587 | ///For example if \c m1 and \c m2 are both \c double valued maps, then |
---|
588 | ///\code |
---|
589 | ///combineMap<double>(m1,m2,std::plus<double>) |
---|
590 | ///\endcode |
---|
591 | ///is equivalent with |
---|
592 | ///\code |
---|
593 | ///addMap(m1,m2) |
---|
594 | ///\endcode |
---|
595 | /// |
---|
596 | ///\relates CombineMap |
---|
597 | template<typename M1, typename M2, typename F, typename V> |
---|
598 | inline CombineMap<M1, M2, F, V> |
---|
599 | combineMap(const M1& m1,const M2& m2, const F& f) { |
---|
600 | return CombineMap<M1, M2, F, V>(m1,m2,f); |
---|
601 | } |
---|
602 | |
---|
603 | template<typename M1, typename M2, typename F> |
---|
604 | inline CombineMap<M1, M2, F, typename F::result_type> |
---|
605 | combineMap(const M1& m1, const M2& m2, const F& f) { |
---|
606 | return combineMap<M1, M2, F, typename F::result_type>(m1,m2,f); |
---|
607 | } |
---|
608 | |
---|
609 | template<typename M1, typename M2, typename K1, typename K2, typename V> |
---|
610 | inline CombineMap<M1, M2, V (*)(K1, K2), V> |
---|
611 | combineMap(const M1 &m1, const M2 &m2, V (*f)(K1, K2)) { |
---|
612 | return combineMap<M1, M2, V (*)(K1, K2), V>(m1,m2,f); |
---|
613 | } |
---|
614 | |
---|
615 | ///Negative value of a map |
---|
616 | |
---|
617 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the negative |
---|
618 | ///value of the |
---|
619 | ///value returned by the |
---|
620 | ///given map. Its \c Key and \c Value will be inherited from \c M. |
---|
621 | ///The unary \c - operator must be defined for \c Value, of course. |
---|
622 | |
---|
623 | template<typename M> |
---|
624 | class NegMap : public MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> { |
---|
625 | const M& m; |
---|
626 | public: |
---|
627 | typedef MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> Parent; |
---|
628 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
---|
629 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
---|
630 | |
---|
631 | ///Constructor |
---|
632 | NegMap(const M &_m) : m(_m) {}; |
---|
633 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return -m[k];} |
---|
634 | }; |
---|
635 | |
---|
636 | ///Returns a \ref NegMap class |
---|
637 | |
---|
638 | ///This function just returns a \ref NegMap class. |
---|
639 | ///\relates NegMap |
---|
640 | template <typename M> |
---|
641 | inline NegMap<M> negMap(const M &m) { |
---|
642 | return NegMap<M>(m); |
---|
643 | } |
---|
644 | |
---|
645 | |
---|
646 | ///Absolute value of a map |
---|
647 | |
---|
648 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the absolute value |
---|
649 | ///of the |
---|
650 | ///value returned by the |
---|
651 | ///given map. Its \c Key and \c Value will be inherited |
---|
652 | ///from <tt>M</tt>. <tt>Value</tt> |
---|
653 | ///must be comparable to <tt>0</tt> and the unary <tt>-</tt> |
---|
654 | ///operator must be defined for it, of course. |
---|
655 | /// |
---|
656 | ///\bug We need a unified way to handle the situation below: |
---|
657 | ///\code |
---|
658 | /// struct _UnConvertible {}; |
---|
659 | /// template<class A> inline A t_abs(A a) {return _UnConvertible();} |
---|
660 | /// template<> inline int t_abs<>(int n) {return abs(n);} |
---|
661 | /// template<> inline long int t_abs<>(long int n) {return labs(n);} |
---|
662 | /// template<> inline long long int t_abs<>(long long int n) {return ::llabs(n);} |
---|
663 | /// template<> inline float t_abs<>(float n) {return fabsf(n);} |
---|
664 | /// template<> inline double t_abs<>(double n) {return fabs(n);} |
---|
665 | /// template<> inline long double t_abs<>(long double n) {return fabsl(n);} |
---|
666 | ///\endcode |
---|
667 | |
---|
668 | |
---|
669 | template<typename M> |
---|
670 | class AbsMap : public MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> { |
---|
671 | const M& m; |
---|
672 | public: |
---|
673 | typedef MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> Parent; |
---|
674 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
---|
675 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
---|
676 | |
---|
677 | ///Constructor |
---|
678 | AbsMap(const M &_m) : m(_m) {}; |
---|
679 | Value operator[](Key k) const { |
---|
680 | Value tmp = m[k]; |
---|
681 | return tmp >= 0 ? tmp : -tmp; |
---|
682 | } |
---|
683 | |
---|
684 | }; |
---|
685 | |
---|
686 | ///Returns a \ref AbsMap class |
---|
687 | |
---|
688 | ///This function just returns a \ref AbsMap class. |
---|
689 | ///\relates AbsMap |
---|
690 | template<typename M> |
---|
691 | inline AbsMap<M> absMap(const M &m) { |
---|
692 | return AbsMap<M>(m); |
---|
693 | } |
---|
694 | |
---|
695 | ///Converts an STL style functor to a map |
---|
696 | |
---|
697 | ///This \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the value |
---|
698 | ///of a |
---|
699 | ///given map. |
---|
700 | /// |
---|
701 | ///Template parameters \c K and \c V will become its |
---|
702 | ///\c Key and \c Value. They must be given explicitely |
---|
703 | ///because a functor does not provide such typedefs. |
---|
704 | /// |
---|
705 | ///Parameter \c F is the type of the used functor. |
---|
706 | |
---|
707 | |
---|
708 | template<typename F, |
---|
709 | typename K = typename F::argument_type, |
---|
710 | typename V = typename F::result_type, |
---|
711 | typename NC = False> |
---|
712 | class FunctorMap : public MapBase<K, V> { |
---|
713 | F f; |
---|
714 | public: |
---|
715 | typedef MapBase<K, V> Parent; |
---|
716 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
---|
717 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
---|
718 | |
---|
719 | ///Constructor |
---|
720 | FunctorMap(const F &_f) : f(_f) {} |
---|
721 | |
---|
722 | Value operator[](Key k) const { return f(k);} |
---|
723 | }; |
---|
724 | |
---|
725 | ///Returns a \ref FunctorMap class |
---|
726 | |
---|
727 | ///This function just returns a \ref FunctorMap class. |
---|
728 | /// |
---|
729 | ///The third template parameter isn't necessary to be given. |
---|
730 | ///\relates FunctorMap |
---|
731 | template<typename K, typename V, typename F> inline |
---|
732 | FunctorMap<F, K, V> functorMap(const F &f) { |
---|
733 | return FunctorMap<F, K, V>(f); |
---|
734 | } |
---|
735 | |
---|
736 | template <typename F> inline |
---|
737 | FunctorMap<F, typename F::argument_type, typename F::result_type> |
---|
738 | functorMap(const F &f) { |
---|
739 | return FunctorMap<F, typename F::argument_type, |
---|
740 | typename F::result_type>(f); |
---|
741 | } |
---|
742 | |
---|
743 | template <typename K, typename V> inline |
---|
744 | FunctorMap<V (*)(K), K, V> functorMap(V (*f)(K)) { |
---|
745 | return FunctorMap<V (*)(K), K, V>(f); |
---|
746 | } |
---|
747 | |
---|
748 | |
---|
749 | ///Converts a map to an STL style (unary) functor |
---|
750 | |
---|
751 | ///This class Converts a map to an STL style (unary) functor. |
---|
752 | ///that is it provides an <tt>operator()</tt> to read its values. |
---|
753 | /// |
---|
754 | ///For the sake of convenience it also works as |
---|
755 | ///a ususal \ref concept::ReadMap "readable map", |
---|
756 | ///i.e. <tt>operator[]</tt> and the \c Key and \c Value typedefs also exist. |
---|
757 | |
---|
758 | template <typename M> |
---|
759 | class MapFunctor : public MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> { |
---|
760 | const M& m; |
---|
761 | public: |
---|
762 | typedef MapBase<typename M::Key, typename M::Value> Parent; |
---|
763 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
---|
764 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
---|
765 | |
---|
766 | ///\e |
---|
767 | typedef typename M::Key argument_type; |
---|
768 | ///\e |
---|
769 | typedef typename M::Value result_type; |
---|
770 | |
---|
771 | ///Constructor |
---|
772 | MapFunctor(const M &_m) : m(_m) {}; |
---|
773 | ///Returns a value of the map |
---|
774 | Value operator()(Key k) const {return m[k];} |
---|
775 | ///\e |
---|
776 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return m[k];} |
---|
777 | }; |
---|
778 | |
---|
779 | ///Returns a \ref MapFunctor class |
---|
780 | |
---|
781 | ///This function just returns a \ref MapFunctor class. |
---|
782 | ///\relates MapFunctor |
---|
783 | template<typename M> |
---|
784 | inline MapFunctor<M> mapFunctor(const M &m) { |
---|
785 | return MapFunctor<M>(m); |
---|
786 | } |
---|
787 | |
---|
788 | |
---|
789 | ///Applies all map setting operations to two maps |
---|
790 | |
---|
791 | ///This map has two \ref concept::WriteMap "writable map" |
---|
792 | ///parameters and each write request will be passed to both of them. |
---|
793 | ///If \c M1 is also \ref concept::ReadMap "readable", |
---|
794 | ///then the read operations will return the |
---|
795 | ///corresponding values of \c M1. |
---|
796 | /// |
---|
797 | ///The \c Key and \c Value will be inherited from \c M1. |
---|
798 | ///The \c Key and \c Value of M2 must be convertible from those of \c M1. |
---|
799 | |
---|
800 | template<typename M1, typename M2> |
---|
801 | class ForkMap : public MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> { |
---|
802 | const M1& m1; |
---|
803 | const M2& m2; |
---|
804 | public: |
---|
805 | typedef MapBase<typename M1::Key, typename M1::Value> Parent; |
---|
806 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
---|
807 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
---|
808 | |
---|
809 | ///Constructor |
---|
810 | ForkMap(const M1 &_m1,const M2 &_m2) : m1(_m1), m2(_m2) {}; |
---|
811 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return m1[k];} |
---|
812 | // void set(Key k, const Value &v) {m1.set(k,v); m2.set(k,v);} |
---|
813 | }; |
---|
814 | |
---|
815 | ///Returns an \ref ForkMap class |
---|
816 | |
---|
817 | ///This function just returns an \ref ForkMap class. |
---|
818 | ///\todo How to call these type of functions? |
---|
819 | /// |
---|
820 | ///\relates ForkMap |
---|
821 | ///\todo Wrong scope in Doxygen when \c \\relates is used |
---|
822 | template <typename M1, typename M2> |
---|
823 | inline ForkMap<M1, M2> forkMap(const M1 &m1,const M2 &m2) { |
---|
824 | return ForkMap<M1, M2>(m1,m2); |
---|
825 | } |
---|
826 | |
---|
827 | |
---|
828 | |
---|
829 | /* ************* BOOL MAPS ******************* */ |
---|
830 | |
---|
831 | ///Logical 'not' of a map |
---|
832 | |
---|
833 | ///This bool \ref concept::ReadMap "read only map" returns the |
---|
834 | ///logical negation of |
---|
835 | ///value returned by the |
---|
836 | ///given map. Its \c Key and will be inherited from \c M, |
---|
837 | ///its Value is <tt>bool</tt>. |
---|
838 | |
---|
839 | template <typename M> |
---|
840 | class NotMap : public MapBase<typename M::Key, bool> { |
---|
841 | const M& m; |
---|
842 | public: |
---|
843 | typedef MapBase<typename M::Key, bool> Parent; |
---|
844 | typedef typename Parent::Key Key; |
---|
845 | typedef typename Parent::Value Value; |
---|
846 | |
---|
847 | /// Constructor |
---|
848 | NotMap(const M &_m) : m(_m) {}; |
---|
849 | Value operator[](Key k) const {return !m[k];} |
---|
850 | }; |
---|
851 | |
---|
852 | ///Returns a \ref NotMap class |
---|
853 | |
---|
854 | ///This function just returns a \ref NotMap class. |
---|
855 | ///\relates NotMap |
---|
856 | template <typename M> |
---|
857 | inline NotMap<M> notMap(const M &m) { |
---|
858 | return NotMap<M>(m); |
---|
859 | } |
---|
860 | |
---|
861 | /// \brief Writable bool map for store each true assigned elements. |
---|
862 | /// |
---|
863 | /// Writable bool map for store each true assigned elements. It will |
---|
864 | /// copies all the true setted keys to the given iterator. |
---|
865 | /// |
---|
866 | /// \note The container of the iterator should contain for each element. |
---|
867 | template <typename _Iterator> |
---|
868 | class StoreBoolMap { |
---|
869 | public: |
---|
870 | typedef _Iterator Iterator; |
---|
871 | |
---|
872 | typedef typename std::iterator_traits<Iterator>::value_type Key; |
---|
873 | typedef bool Value; |
---|
874 | |
---|
875 | /// Constructor |
---|
876 | StoreBoolMap(Iterator it) : _begin(it), _end(it) {} |
---|
877 | |
---|
878 | /// Gives back the given first setted iterator. |
---|
879 | Iterator begin() const { |
---|
880 | return _begin; |
---|
881 | } |
---|
882 | |
---|
883 | /// Gives back the iterator after the last setted. |
---|
884 | Iterator end() const { |
---|
885 | return _end; |
---|
886 | } |
---|
887 | |
---|
888 | /// Setter function of the map |
---|
889 | void set(const Key& key, Value value) { |
---|
890 | if (value) { |
---|
891 | *_end++ = key; |
---|
892 | } |
---|
893 | } |
---|
894 | |
---|
895 | private: |
---|
896 | Iterator _begin, _end; |
---|
897 | }; |
---|
898 | |
---|
899 | /// \brief Writable bool map for store each true assigned elements in |
---|
900 | /// a back insertable container. |
---|
901 | /// |
---|
902 | /// Writable bool map for store each true assigned elements in a back |
---|
903 | /// insertable container. It will push back all the true setted keys into |
---|
904 | /// the container. |
---|
905 | template <typename Container> |
---|
906 | class BackInserterBoolMap { |
---|
907 | public: |
---|
908 | typedef typename Container::value_type Key; |
---|
909 | typedef bool Value; |
---|
910 | |
---|
911 | /// Constructor |
---|
912 | BackInserterBoolMap(Container& _container) : container(_container) {} |
---|
913 | |
---|
914 | /// Setter function of the map |
---|
915 | void set(const Key& key, Value value) { |
---|
916 | if (value) { |
---|
917 | container.push_back(key); |
---|
918 | } |
---|
919 | } |
---|
920 | |
---|
921 | private: |
---|
922 | Container& container; |
---|
923 | }; |
---|
924 | |
---|
925 | /// \brief Writable bool map for store each true assigned elements in |
---|
926 | /// a front insertable container. |
---|
927 | /// |
---|
928 | /// Writable bool map for store each true assigned elements in a front |
---|
929 | /// insertable container. It will push front all the true setted keys into |
---|
930 | /// the container. |
---|
931 | template <typename Container> |
---|
932 | class FrontInserterBoolMap { |
---|
933 | public: |
---|
934 | typedef typename Container::value_type Key; |
---|
935 | typedef bool Value; |
---|
936 | |
---|
937 | /// Constructor |
---|
938 | FrontInserterBoolMap(Container& _container) : container(_container) {} |
---|
939 | |
---|
940 | /// Setter function of the map |
---|
941 | void set(const Key& key, Value value) { |
---|
942 | if (value) { |
---|
943 | container.push_front(key); |
---|
944 | } |
---|
945 | } |
---|
946 | |
---|
947 | private: |
---|
948 | Container& container; |
---|
949 | }; |
---|
950 | |
---|
951 | /// \brief Writable bool map for store each true assigned elements in |
---|
952 | /// an insertable container. |
---|
953 | /// |
---|
954 | /// Writable bool map for store each true assigned elements in an |
---|
955 | /// insertable container. It will insert all the true setted keys into |
---|
956 | /// the container. |
---|
957 | template <typename Container> |
---|
958 | class InserterBoolMap { |
---|
959 | public: |
---|
960 | typedef typename Container::value_type Key; |
---|
961 | typedef bool Value; |
---|
962 | |
---|
963 | /// Constructor |
---|
964 | InserterBoolMap(Container& _container) : container(_container) {} |
---|
965 | |
---|
966 | /// Setter function of the map |
---|
967 | void set(const Key& key, Value value) { |
---|
968 | if (value) { |
---|
969 | container.insert(key); |
---|
970 | } |
---|
971 | } |
---|
972 | |
---|
973 | private: |
---|
974 | Container& container; |
---|
975 | }; |
---|
976 | |
---|
977 | /// \brief Fill the true setted elements with a given value. |
---|
978 | /// |
---|
979 | /// Writable bool map for fill the true setted elements with a given value. |
---|
980 | /// The value can be setted |
---|
981 | /// the container. |
---|
982 | template <typename Map> |
---|
983 | class FillBoolMap { |
---|
984 | public: |
---|
985 | typedef typename Map::Key Key; |
---|
986 | typedef bool Value; |
---|
987 | |
---|
988 | /// Constructor |
---|
989 | FillBoolMap(Map& _map, const typename Map::Value& _fill) |
---|
990 | : map(_map), fill(_fill) {} |
---|
991 | |
---|
992 | /// Constructor |
---|
993 | FillBoolMap(Map& _map) |
---|
994 | : map(_map), fill() {} |
---|
995 | |
---|
996 | /// Gives back the current fill value |
---|
997 | typename Map::Value fillValue() const { |
---|
998 | return fill; |
---|
999 | } |
---|
1000 | |
---|
1001 | /// Sets the current fill value |
---|
1002 | void fillValue(const typename Map::Value& _fill) { |
---|
1003 | fill = _fill; |
---|
1004 | } |
---|
1005 | |
---|
1006 | /// Setter function of the map |
---|
1007 | void set(const Key& key, Value value) { |
---|
1008 | if (value) { |
---|
1009 | map.set(key, fill); |
---|
1010 | } |
---|
1011 | } |
---|
1012 | |
---|
1013 | private: |
---|
1014 | Map& map; |
---|
1015 | typename Map::Value fill; |
---|
1016 | }; |
---|
1017 | |
---|
1018 | |
---|
1019 | /// \brief Writable bool map which stores for each true assigned elements |
---|
1020 | /// the setting order number. |
---|
1021 | /// |
---|
1022 | /// Writable bool map which stores for each true assigned elements |
---|
1023 | /// the setting order number. |
---|
1024 | template <typename Map> |
---|
1025 | class SettingOrderBoolMap { |
---|
1026 | public: |
---|
1027 | typedef typename Map::Key Key; |
---|
1028 | typedef bool Value; |
---|
1029 | |
---|
1030 | /// Constructor |
---|
1031 | SettingOrderBoolMap(Map& _map) |
---|
1032 | : map(_map), counter(0) {} |
---|
1033 | |
---|
1034 | /// Number of setted keys. |
---|
1035 | int num() const { |
---|
1036 | return counter; |
---|
1037 | } |
---|
1038 | |
---|
1039 | /// Setter function of the map |
---|
1040 | void set(const Key& key, Value value) { |
---|
1041 | if (value) { |
---|
1042 | map.set(key, counter++); |
---|
1043 | } |
---|
1044 | } |
---|
1045 | |
---|
1046 | private: |
---|
1047 | Map& map; |
---|
1048 | int counter; |
---|
1049 | }; |
---|
1050 | |
---|
1051 | /// @} |
---|
1052 | } |
---|
1053 | |
---|
1054 | #endif // LEMON_MAPS_H |
---|