1 | /* -*- C++ -*- |
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2 | * src/lemon/bin_heap.h - Part of LEMON, a generic C++ optimization library |
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3 | * |
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4 | * Copyright (C) 2005 Egervary Jeno Kombinatorikus Optimalizalasi Kutatocsoport |
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5 | * (Egervary Combinatorial Optimization Research Group, EGRES). |
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6 | * |
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7 | * Permission to use, modify and distribute this software is granted |
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8 | * provided that this copyright notice appears in all copies. For |
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9 | * precise terms see the accompanying LICENSE file. |
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10 | * |
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11 | * This software is provided "AS IS" with no warranty of any kind, |
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12 | * express or implied, and with no claim as to its suitability for any |
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13 | * purpose. |
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14 | * |
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15 | */ |
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16 | |
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17 | #ifndef LEMON_BIN_HEAP_H |
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18 | #define LEMON_BIN_HEAP_H |
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19 | |
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20 | ///\ingroup auxdat |
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21 | ///\file |
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22 | ///\brief Binary Heap implementation. |
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23 | ///\todo It should be documented. |
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24 | |
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25 | #include <vector> |
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26 | #include <utility> |
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27 | #include <functional> |
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28 | |
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29 | namespace lemon { |
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30 | |
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31 | /// \addtogroup auxdat |
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32 | /// @{ |
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33 | |
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34 | /// A Binary Heap implementation. |
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35 | |
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36 | ///\todo Please document... |
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37 | /// |
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38 | ///\sa FibHeap |
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39 | ///\sa Dijkstra |
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40 | template <typename Item, typename Prio, typename ItemIntMap, |
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41 | typename Compare = std::less<Prio> > |
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42 | class BinHeap { |
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43 | |
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44 | public: |
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45 | typedef Item ItemType; |
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46 | // FIXME: stl-ben nem ezt hivjak value_type -nak, hanem a kovetkezot... |
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47 | typedef Prio PrioType; |
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48 | typedef std::pair<ItemType,PrioType> PairType; |
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49 | typedef ItemIntMap ItemIntMapType; |
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50 | typedef Compare PrioCompare; |
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51 | |
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52 | /** |
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53 | * Each Item element have a state associated to it. It may be "in heap", |
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54 | * "pre heap" or "post heap". The later two are indifferent from the |
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55 | * heap's point of view, but may be useful to the user. |
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56 | * |
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57 | * The ItemIntMap _should_ be initialized in such way, that it maps |
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58 | * PRE_HEAP (-1) to any element to be put in the heap... |
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59 | */ |
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60 | ///\todo it is used nowhere |
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61 | /// |
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62 | enum state_enum { |
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63 | IN_HEAP = 0, |
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64 | PRE_HEAP = -1, |
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65 | POST_HEAP = -2 |
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66 | }; |
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67 | |
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68 | private: |
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69 | std::vector<PairType> data; |
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70 | Compare comp; |
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71 | // FIXME: jo ez igy??? |
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72 | ItemIntMap &iim; |
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73 | |
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74 | public: |
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75 | ///\e |
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76 | explicit BinHeap(ItemIntMap &_iim) : iim(_iim) {} |
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77 | ///\e |
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78 | BinHeap(ItemIntMap &_iim, const Compare &_comp) |
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79 | : iim(_iim), comp(_comp) {} |
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80 | |
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81 | |
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82 | ///\e |
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83 | int size() const { return data.size(); } |
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84 | ///\e |
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85 | bool empty() const { return data.empty(); } |
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86 | |
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87 | private: |
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88 | static int parent(int i) { return (i-1)/2; } |
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89 | static int second_child(int i) { return 2*i+2; } |
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90 | bool less(const PairType &p1, const PairType &p2) const { |
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91 | return comp(p1.second, p2.second); |
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92 | } |
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93 | |
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94 | int bubble_up(int hole, PairType p); |
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95 | int bubble_down(int hole, PairType p, int length); |
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96 | |
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97 | void move(const PairType &p, int i) { |
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98 | data[i] = p; |
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99 | iim.set(p.first, i); |
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100 | } |
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101 | |
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102 | void rmidx(int h) { |
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103 | int n = data.size()-1; |
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104 | if( h>=0 && h<=n ) { |
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105 | iim.set(data[h].first, POST_HEAP); |
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106 | if ( h<n ) { |
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107 | bubble_down(h, data[n], n); |
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108 | } |
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109 | data.pop_back(); |
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110 | } |
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111 | } |
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112 | |
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113 | public: |
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114 | ///\e |
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115 | void push(const PairType &p) { |
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116 | int n = data.size(); |
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117 | data.resize(n+1); |
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118 | bubble_up(n, p); |
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119 | } |
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120 | ///\e |
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121 | void push(const Item &i, const Prio &p) { push(PairType(i,p)); } |
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122 | |
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123 | ///\e |
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124 | Item top() const { |
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125 | return data[0].first; |
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126 | } |
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127 | /// Returns the prio of the top element of the heap. |
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128 | Prio prio() const { |
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129 | return data[0].second; |
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130 | } |
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131 | |
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132 | ///\e |
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133 | void pop() { |
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134 | rmidx(0); |
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135 | } |
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136 | |
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137 | ///\e |
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138 | void erase(const Item &i) { |
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139 | rmidx(iim[i]); |
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140 | } |
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141 | |
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142 | ///\e |
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143 | Prio operator[](const Item &i) const { |
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144 | int idx = iim[i]; |
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145 | return data[idx].second; |
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146 | } |
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147 | |
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148 | ///\e |
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149 | void set(const Item &i, const Prio &p) { |
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150 | int idx = iim[i]; |
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151 | if( idx < 0 ) { |
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152 | push(i,p); |
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153 | } |
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154 | else if( comp(p, data[idx].second) ) { |
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155 | bubble_up(idx, PairType(i,p)); |
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156 | } |
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157 | else { |
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158 | bubble_down(idx, PairType(i,p), data.size()); |
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159 | } |
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160 | } |
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161 | |
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162 | ///\e |
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163 | void decrease(const Item &i, const Prio &p) { |
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164 | int idx = iim[i]; |
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165 | bubble_up(idx, PairType(i,p)); |
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166 | } |
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167 | ///\e |
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168 | void increase(const Item &i, const Prio &p) { |
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169 | int idx = iim[i]; |
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170 | bubble_down(idx, PairType(i,p), data.size()); |
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171 | } |
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172 | |
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173 | ///\e |
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174 | state_enum state(const Item &i) const { |
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175 | int s = iim[i]; |
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176 | if( s>=0 ) |
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177 | s=0; |
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178 | return state_enum(s); |
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179 | } |
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180 | |
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181 | }; // class BinHeap |
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182 | |
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183 | |
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184 | template <typename K, typename V, typename M, typename C> |
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185 | int BinHeap<K,V,M,C>::bubble_up(int hole, PairType p) { |
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186 | int par = parent(hole); |
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187 | while( hole>0 && less(p,data[par]) ) { |
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188 | move(data[par],hole); |
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189 | hole = par; |
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190 | par = parent(hole); |
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191 | } |
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192 | move(p, hole); |
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193 | return hole; |
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194 | } |
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195 | |
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196 | template <typename K, typename V, typename M, typename C> |
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197 | int BinHeap<K,V,M,C>::bubble_down(int hole, PairType p, int length) { |
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198 | int child = second_child(hole); |
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199 | while(child < length) { |
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200 | if( less(data[child-1], data[child]) ) { |
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201 | --child; |
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202 | } |
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203 | if( !less(data[child], p) ) |
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204 | goto ok; |
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205 | move(data[child], hole); |
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206 | hole = child; |
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207 | child = second_child(hole); |
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208 | } |
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209 | child--; |
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210 | if( child<length && less(data[child], p) ) { |
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211 | move(data[child], hole); |
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212 | hole=child; |
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213 | } |
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214 | ok: |
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215 | move(p, hole); |
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216 | return hole; |
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217 | } |
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218 | |
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219 | ///@} |
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220 | |
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221 | } // namespace lemon |
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222 | |
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223 | #endif // LEMON_BIN_HEAP_H |
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