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Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of TracStandalone


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Timestamp:
02/13/13 22:04:27 (5 years ago)
Author:
trac
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  • TracStandalone

    v3 v4  
    8484Use [http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/WindowsServiceScript WindowsServiceScript], available at [http://trac-hacks.org/ Trac Hacks]. Installs, removes, starts, stops, etc. your Trac service. 
    8585 
     86=== Option 3 === 
     87 
     88also cygwin's cygrunsrv.exe can be used: 
     89{{{ 
     90$ cygrunsrv --install tracd --path /cygdrive/c/Python27/Scripts/tracd.exe --args '--port 8000 --env-parent-dir E:\IssueTrackers\Trac\Projects' 
     91$ net start tracd 
     92}}} 
     93 
    8694== Using Authentication == 
     95 
     96Tracd allows you to run Trac without the need for Apache, but you can take advantage of Apache's password tools (htpasswd and htdigest) to easily create a password file in the proper format for tracd to use in authentication. (It is also possible to create the password file without htpasswd or htdigest; see below for alternatives) 
    8797 
    8898Tracd provides support for both Basic and Digest authentication. Digest is considered more secure. The examples below use Digest; to use Basic authentication, replace `--auth` with `--basic-auth` in the command line. 
     
    128138This section describes how to use `tracd` with Apache .htpasswd files. 
    129139 
     140  Note: It is necessary (at least with Python 2.6) to install the fcrypt package in order to 
     141  decode some htpasswd formats.  Trac source code attempt an `import crypt` first, but there 
     142  is no such package for Python 2.6. Only `SHA-1` passwords (since Trac 1.0) work without this module. 
     143 
    130144To create a .htpasswd file use Apache's `htpasswd` command (see [#GeneratingPasswordsWithoutApache below] for a method to create these files without using Apache): 
    131145{{{ 
     
    152166If you have Apache available, you can use the htdigest command to generate the password file. Type 'htdigest' to get some usage instructions, or read [http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/programs/htdigest.html this page] from the Apache manual to get precise instructions.  You'll be prompted for a password to enter for each user that you create.  For the name of the password file, you can use whatever you like, but if you use something like `users.htdigest` it will remind you what the file contains. As a suggestion, put it in your <projectname>/conf folder along with the [TracIni trac.ini] file. 
    153167 
    154 Note that you can start tracd without the --auth argument, but if you click on the ''Login'' link you will get an error. 
     168Note that you can start tracd without the `--auth` argument, but if you click on the ''Login'' link you will get an error. 
    155169 
    156170=== Generating Passwords Without Apache === 
    157171 
    158 Basic Authorization can be accomplished via this [http://www.4webhelp.net/us/password.php online HTTP Password generator].  Copy the generated password-hash line to the .htpasswd file on your system. 
     172Basic Authorization can be accomplished via this [http://aspirine.org/htpasswd_en.html online HTTP Password generator] which also supports `SHA-1`.  Copy the generated password-hash line to the .htpasswd file on your system. Note that Windows Python lacks the "crypt" module that is the default hash type for htpasswd ; Windows Python can grok MD5 password hashes just fine and you should use MD5. 
    159173 
    160174You can use this simple Python script to generate a '''digest''' password file: 
     
    202216It is possible to use `md5sum` utility to generate digest-password file: 
    203217{{{ 
    204  $ printf "${user}:trac:${password}" | md5sum - >>user.htdigest 
    205 }}} 
    206 and manually delete " -" from the end and add "${user}:trac:" to the start of line from 'to-file'. 
     218user= 
     219realm= 
     220password= 
     221path_to_file= 
     222echo ${user}:${realm}:$(printf "${user}:${realm}:${password}" | md5sum - | sed -e 's/\s\+-//') > ${path_to_file} 
     223}}} 
    207224 
    208225== Reference == 
     
    222239  -b HOSTNAME, --hostname=HOSTNAME 
    223240                        the host name or IP address to bind to 
    224   --protocol=PROTOCOL   http|scgi|ajp 
     241  --protocol=PROTOCOL   http|scgi|ajp|fcgi 
    225242  -q, --unquote         unquote PATH_INFO (may be needed when using ajp) 
    226   --http10              use HTTP/1.0 protocol version (default) 
    227   --http11              use HTTP/1.1 protocol version instead of HTTP/1.0 
     243  --http10              use HTTP/1.0 protocol version instead of HTTP/1.1 
     244  --http11              use HTTP/1.1 protocol version (default) 
    228245  -e PARENTDIR, --env-parent-dir=PARENTDIR 
    229246                        parent directory of the project environments 
     
    232249  -r, --auto-reload     restart automatically when sources are modified 
    233250  -s, --single-env      only serve a single project without the project list 
    234 }}} 
     251  -d, --daemonize       run in the background as a daemon 
     252  --pidfile=PIDFILE     when daemonizing, file to which to write pid 
     253  --umask=MASK          when daemonizing, file mode creation mask to use, in 
     254                        octal notation (default 022) 
     255  --group=GROUP         the group to run as 
     256  --user=USER           the user to run as 
     257}}} 
     258 
     259Use the -d option so that tracd doesn't hang if you close the terminal window where tracd was started. 
    235260 
    236261== Tips == 
     
    261286See also [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp], [trac:TracNginxRecipe]. 
    262287 
     288=== Authentication for tracd behind a proxy 
     289It is convenient to provide central external authentication to your tracd instances, instead of using {{{--basic-auth}}}. There is some discussion about this in #9206. 
     290 
     291Below is example configuration based on Apache 2.2, mod_proxy, mod_authnz_ldap. 
     292 
     293First we bring tracd into Apache's location namespace. 
     294 
     295{{{ 
     296<Location /project/proxified> 
     297        Require ldap-group cn=somegroup, ou=Groups,dc=domain.com 
     298        Require ldap-user somespecificusertoo 
     299        ProxyPass http://localhost:8101/project/proxified/ 
     300        # Turns out we don't really need complicated RewriteRules here at all 
     301        RequestHeader set REMOTE_USER %{REMOTE_USER}s 
     302</Location> 
     303}}} 
     304 
     305Then we need a single file plugin to recognize HTTP_REMOTE_USER header as valid authentication source. HTTP headers like '''HTTP_FOO_BAR''' will get converted to '''Foo-Bar''' during processing. Name it something like '''remote-user-auth.py''' and drop it into '''proxified/plugins''' directory: 
     306{{{ 
     307#!python 
     308from trac.core import * 
     309from trac.config import BoolOption 
     310from trac.web.api import IAuthenticator 
     311 
     312class MyRemoteUserAuthenticator(Component): 
     313 
     314    implements(IAuthenticator) 
     315 
     316    obey_remote_user_header = BoolOption('trac', 'obey_remote_user_header', 'false',  
     317               """Whether the 'Remote-User:' HTTP header is to be trusted for user logins  
     318                (''since ??.??').""")  
     319 
     320    def authenticate(self, req): 
     321        if self.obey_remote_user_header and req.get_header('Remote-User'):  
     322            return req.get_header('Remote-User')  
     323        return None 
     324 
     325}}} 
     326 
     327Add this new parameter to your TracIni: 
     328{{{ 
     329... 
     330[trac] 
     331... 
     332obey_remote_user_header = true 
     333... 
     334}}} 
     335 
     336Run tracd: 
     337{{{ 
     338tracd -p 8101 -r -s proxified --base-path=/project/proxified 
     339}}} 
     340 
     341Note that if you want to install this plugin for all projects, you have to put it in your [TracPlugins#Plugindiscovery global plugins_dir] and enable it in your global trac.ini. 
     342 
     343Global config (e.g. `/srv/trac/conf/trac.ini`): 
     344{{{ 
     345[components] 
     346remote-user-auth.* = enabled 
     347[inherit] 
     348plugins_dir = /srv/trac/plugins 
     349[trac] 
     350obey_remote_user_header = true 
     351}}} 
     352 
     353Environment config (e.g. `/srv/trac/envs/myenv`): 
     354{{{ 
     355[inherit] 
     356file = /srv/trac/conf/trac.ini 
     357}}} 
     358 
    263359=== Serving a different base path than / === 
    264360Tracd supports serving projects with different base urls than /<project>. The parameter name to change this is