1 | /* -*- C++ -*- |
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2 | * lemon/full_graph.h - Part of LEMON, a generic C++ optimization library |
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3 | * |
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4 | * Copyright (C) 2005 Egervary Jeno Kombinatorikus Optimalizalasi Kutatocsoport |
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5 | * (Egervary Research Group on Combinatorial Optimization, EGRES). |
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6 | * |
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7 | * Permission to use, modify and distribute this software is granted |
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8 | * provided that this copyright notice appears in all copies. For |
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9 | * precise terms see the accompanying LICENSE file. |
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10 | * |
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11 | * This software is provided "AS IS" with no warranty of any kind, |
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12 | * express or implied, and with no claim as to its suitability for any |
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13 | * purpose. |
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14 | * |
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15 | */ |
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16 | |
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17 | #ifndef LEMON_FULL_GRAPH_H |
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18 | #define LEMON_FULL_GRAPH_H |
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19 | |
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20 | #include <cmath> |
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21 | |
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22 | |
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23 | #include <lemon/bits/iterable_graph_extender.h> |
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24 | #include <lemon/bits/alteration_notifier.h> |
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25 | #include <lemon/bits/default_map.h> |
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26 | |
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27 | #include <lemon/bits/undir_graph_extender.h> |
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28 | |
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29 | #include <lemon/invalid.h> |
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30 | #include <lemon/utility.h> |
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31 | |
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32 | |
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33 | ///\ingroup graphs |
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34 | ///\file |
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35 | ///\brief FullGraph and UndirFullGraph classes. |
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36 | |
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37 | |
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38 | namespace lemon { |
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39 | |
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40 | class FullGraphBase { |
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41 | int _nodeNum; |
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42 | int _edgeNum; |
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43 | public: |
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44 | |
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45 | typedef FullGraphBase Graph; |
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46 | |
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47 | class Node; |
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48 | class Edge; |
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49 | |
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50 | public: |
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51 | |
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52 | FullGraphBase() {} |
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53 | |
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54 | |
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55 | ///Creates a full graph with \c n nodes. |
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56 | void construct(int n) { _nodeNum = n; _edgeNum = n * n; } |
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57 | /// |
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58 | // FullGraphBase(const FullGraphBase &_g) |
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59 | // : _nodeNum(_g.nodeNum()), _edgeNum(_nodeNum*_nodeNum) { } |
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60 | |
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61 | typedef True NodeNumTag; |
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62 | typedef True EdgeNumTag; |
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63 | |
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64 | ///Number of nodes. |
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65 | int nodeNum() const { return _nodeNum; } |
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66 | ///Number of edges. |
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67 | int edgeNum() const { return _edgeNum; } |
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68 | |
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69 | /// Maximum node ID. |
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70 | |
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71 | /// Maximum node ID. |
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72 | ///\sa id(Node) |
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73 | int maxId(Node = INVALID) const { return _nodeNum-1; } |
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74 | /// Maximum edge ID. |
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75 | |
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76 | /// Maximum edge ID. |
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77 | ///\sa id(Edge) |
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78 | int maxId(Edge = INVALID) const { return _edgeNum-1; } |
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79 | |
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80 | Node source(Edge e) const { return e.id % _nodeNum; } |
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81 | Node target(Edge e) const { return e.id / _nodeNum; } |
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82 | |
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83 | |
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84 | /// Node ID. |
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85 | |
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86 | /// The ID of a valid Node is a nonnegative integer not greater than |
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87 | /// \ref maxNodeId(). The range of the ID's is not surely continuous |
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88 | /// and the greatest node ID can be actually less then \ref maxNodeId(). |
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89 | /// |
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90 | /// The ID of the \ref INVALID node is -1. |
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91 | ///\return The ID of the node \c v. |
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92 | |
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93 | static int id(Node v) { return v.id; } |
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94 | /// Edge ID. |
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95 | |
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96 | /// The ID of a valid Edge is a nonnegative integer not greater than |
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97 | /// \ref maxEdgeId(). The range of the ID's is not surely continuous |
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98 | /// and the greatest edge ID can be actually less then \ref maxEdgeId(). |
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99 | /// |
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100 | /// The ID of the \ref INVALID edge is -1. |
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101 | ///\return The ID of the edge \c e. |
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102 | static int id(Edge e) { return e.id; } |
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103 | |
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104 | static Node fromId(int id, Node) { return Node(id);} |
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105 | |
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106 | static Edge fromId(int id, Edge) { return Edge(id);} |
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107 | |
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108 | typedef True FindEdgeTag; |
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109 | |
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110 | /// Finds an edge between two nodes. |
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111 | |
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112 | /// Finds an edge from node \c u to node \c v. |
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113 | /// |
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114 | /// If \c prev is \ref INVALID (this is the default value), then |
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115 | /// It finds the first edge from \c u to \c v. Otherwise it looks for |
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116 | /// the next edge from \c u to \c v after \c prev. |
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117 | /// \return The found edge or INVALID if there is no such an edge. |
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118 | Edge findEdge(Node u,Node v, Edge prev = INVALID) const { |
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119 | return prev.id == -1 ? Edge(*this, u.id, v.id) : INVALID; |
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120 | } |
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121 | |
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122 | |
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123 | class Node { |
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124 | friend class FullGraphBase; |
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125 | |
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126 | protected: |
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127 | int id; |
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128 | Node(int _id) : id(_id) {} |
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129 | public: |
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130 | Node() {} |
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131 | Node (Invalid) : id(-1) {} |
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132 | bool operator==(const Node node) const {return id == node.id;} |
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133 | bool operator!=(const Node node) const {return id != node.id;} |
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134 | bool operator<(const Node node) const {return id < node.id;} |
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135 | }; |
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136 | |
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137 | |
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138 | |
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139 | class Edge { |
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140 | friend class FullGraphBase; |
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141 | |
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142 | protected: |
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143 | int id; // _nodeNum * target + source; |
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144 | |
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145 | Edge(int _id) : id(_id) {} |
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146 | |
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147 | Edge(const FullGraphBase& _graph, int source, int target) |
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148 | : id(_graph._nodeNum * target+source) {} |
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149 | public: |
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150 | Edge() { } |
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151 | Edge (Invalid) { id = -1; } |
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152 | bool operator==(const Edge edge) const {return id == edge.id;} |
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153 | bool operator!=(const Edge edge) const {return id != edge.id;} |
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154 | bool operator<(const Edge edge) const {return id < edge.id;} |
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155 | }; |
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156 | |
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157 | void first(Node& node) const { |
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158 | node.id = _nodeNum-1; |
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159 | } |
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160 | |
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161 | static void next(Node& node) { |
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162 | --node.id; |
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163 | } |
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164 | |
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165 | void first(Edge& edge) const { |
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166 | edge.id = _edgeNum-1; |
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167 | } |
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168 | |
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169 | static void next(Edge& edge) { |
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170 | --edge.id; |
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171 | } |
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172 | |
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173 | void firstOut(Edge& edge, const Node& node) const { |
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174 | edge.id = _edgeNum + node.id - _nodeNum; |
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175 | } |
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176 | |
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177 | void nextOut(Edge& edge) const { |
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178 | edge.id -= _nodeNum; |
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179 | if (edge.id < 0) edge.id = -1; |
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180 | } |
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181 | |
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182 | void firstIn(Edge& edge, const Node& node) const { |
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183 | edge.id = node.id * _nodeNum; |
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184 | } |
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185 | |
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186 | void nextIn(Edge& edge) const { |
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187 | ++edge.id; |
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188 | if (edge.id % _nodeNum == 0) edge.id = -1; |
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189 | } |
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190 | |
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191 | }; |
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192 | |
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193 | |
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194 | typedef AlterableGraphExtender<FullGraphBase> |
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195 | AlterableFullGraphBase; |
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196 | typedef IterableGraphExtender<AlterableFullGraphBase> |
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197 | IterableFullGraphBase; |
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198 | typedef MappableGraphExtender< |
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199 | IterableGraphExtender< |
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200 | AlterableGraphExtender<FullGraphBase> > > ExtendedFullGraphBase; |
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201 | |
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202 | /// \ingroup graphs |
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203 | /// |
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204 | /// \brief A full graph class. |
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205 | /// |
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206 | /// This is a simple and fast directed full graph implementation. |
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207 | /// It is completely static, so you can neither add nor delete either |
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208 | /// edges or nodes. |
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209 | /// Thus it conforms to |
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210 | /// the \ref concept::StaticGraph "StaticGraph" concept |
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211 | /// \sa concept::StaticGraph. |
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212 | /// |
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213 | /// \author Alpar Juttner |
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214 | class FullGraph : public ExtendedFullGraphBase { |
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215 | public: |
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216 | |
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217 | FullGraph(int n) { construct(n); } |
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218 | }; |
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219 | |
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220 | ///@} |
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221 | |
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222 | class UndirFullGraphBase { |
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223 | int _nodeNum; |
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224 | int _edgeNum; |
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225 | public: |
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226 | |
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227 | typedef UndirFullGraphBase Graph; |
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228 | |
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229 | class Node; |
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230 | class Edge; |
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231 | |
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232 | public: |
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233 | |
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234 | UndirFullGraphBase() {} |
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235 | |
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236 | |
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237 | ///Creates a full graph with \c n nodes. |
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238 | void construct(int n) { _nodeNum = n; _edgeNum = n * (n - 1) / 2; } |
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239 | /// |
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240 | // FullGraphBase(const FullGraphBase &_g) |
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241 | // : _nodeNum(_g.nodeNum()), _edgeNum(_nodeNum*_nodeNum) { } |
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242 | |
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243 | typedef True NodeNumTag; |
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244 | typedef True EdgeNumTag; |
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245 | |
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246 | ///Number of nodes. |
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247 | int nodeNum() const { return _nodeNum; } |
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248 | ///Number of edges. |
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249 | int edgeNum() const { return _edgeNum; } |
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250 | |
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251 | /// Maximum node ID. |
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252 | |
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253 | /// Maximum node ID. |
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254 | ///\sa id(Node) |
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255 | int maxId(Node = INVALID) const { return _nodeNum-1; } |
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256 | /// Maximum edge ID. |
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257 | |
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258 | /// Maximum edge ID. |
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259 | ///\sa id(Edge) |
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260 | int maxId(Edge = INVALID) const { return _edgeNum-1; } |
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261 | |
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262 | Node source(Edge e) const { |
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263 | /// \todo we may do it faster |
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264 | return Node(((int)sqrt((double)(1 + 8 * e.id)) + 1) / 2); |
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265 | } |
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266 | |
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267 | Node target(Edge e) const { |
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268 | int source = ((int)sqrt((double)(1 + 8 * e.id)) + 1) / 2;; |
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269 | return Node(e.id - (source) * (source - 1) / 2); |
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270 | } |
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271 | |
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272 | |
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273 | /// Node ID. |
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274 | |
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275 | /// The ID of a valid Node is a nonnegative integer not greater than |
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276 | /// \ref maxNodeId(). The range of the ID's is not surely continuous |
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277 | /// and the greatest node ID can be actually less then \ref maxNodeId(). |
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278 | /// |
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279 | /// The ID of the \ref INVALID node is -1. |
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280 | ///\return The ID of the node \c v. |
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281 | |
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282 | static int id(Node v) { return v.id; } |
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283 | /// Edge ID. |
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284 | |
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285 | /// The ID of a valid Edge is a nonnegative integer not greater than |
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286 | /// \ref maxEdgeId(). The range of the ID's is not surely continuous |
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287 | /// and the greatest edge ID can be actually less then \ref maxEdgeId(). |
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288 | /// |
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289 | /// The ID of the \ref INVALID edge is -1. |
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290 | ///\return The ID of the edge \c e. |
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291 | static int id(Edge e) { return e.id; } |
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292 | |
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293 | /// Finds an edge between two nodes. |
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294 | |
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295 | /// Finds an edge from node \c u to node \c v. |
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296 | /// |
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297 | /// If \c prev is \ref INVALID (this is the default value), then |
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298 | /// It finds the first edge from \c u to \c v. Otherwise it looks for |
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299 | /// the next edge from \c u to \c v after \c prev. |
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300 | /// \return The found edge or INVALID if there is no such an edge. |
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301 | Edge findEdge(Node u,Node v, Edge prev = INVALID) |
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302 | { |
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303 | return prev.id == -1 ? Edge(*this, u.id, v.id) : INVALID; |
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304 | } |
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305 | |
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306 | |
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307 | class Node { |
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308 | friend class UndirFullGraphBase; |
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309 | |
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310 | protected: |
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311 | int id; |
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312 | Node(int _id) { id = _id;} |
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313 | public: |
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314 | Node() {} |
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315 | Node (Invalid) { id = -1; } |
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316 | bool operator==(const Node node) const {return id == node.id;} |
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317 | bool operator!=(const Node node) const {return id != node.id;} |
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318 | bool operator<(const Node node) const {return id < node.id;} |
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319 | }; |
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320 | |
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321 | |
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322 | |
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323 | class Edge { |
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324 | friend class UndirFullGraphBase; |
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325 | |
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326 | protected: |
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327 | int id; // _nodeNum * target + source; |
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328 | |
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329 | Edge(int _id) : id(_id) {} |
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330 | |
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331 | Edge(const UndirFullGraphBase& _graph, int source, int target) |
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332 | : id(_graph._nodeNum * target+source) {} |
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333 | public: |
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334 | Edge() { } |
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335 | Edge (Invalid) { id = -1; } |
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336 | bool operator==(const Edge edge) const {return id == edge.id;} |
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337 | bool operator!=(const Edge edge) const {return id != edge.id;} |
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338 | bool operator<(const Edge edge) const {return id < edge.id;} |
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339 | }; |
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340 | |
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341 | void first(Node& node) const { |
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342 | node.id = _nodeNum-1; |
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343 | } |
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344 | |
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345 | static void next(Node& node) { |
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346 | --node.id; |
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347 | } |
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348 | |
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349 | void first(Edge& edge) const { |
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350 | edge.id = _edgeNum-1; |
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351 | } |
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352 | |
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353 | static void next(Edge& edge) { |
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354 | --edge.id; |
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355 | } |
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356 | |
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357 | void firstOut(Edge& edge, const Node& node) const { |
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358 | edge.id = node.id != 0 ? node.id * (node.id - 1) / 2 : -1; |
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359 | } |
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360 | |
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361 | /// \todo with specialized iterators we can make faster iterating |
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362 | void nextOut(Edge& e) const { |
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363 | int source = ((int)sqrt((double)(1 + 8 * e.id)) + 1) / 2;; |
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364 | int target = e.id - (source) * (source - 1) / 2; |
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365 | ++target; |
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366 | e.id = target < source ? source * (source - 1) / 2 + target : -1; |
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367 | } |
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368 | |
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369 | void firstIn(Edge& edge, const Node& node) const { |
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370 | edge.id = node.id * (node.id + 1) / 2 - 1; |
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371 | } |
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372 | |
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373 | void nextIn(Edge& e) const { |
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374 | int source = ((int)sqrt((double)(1 + 8 * e.id)) + 1) / 2;; |
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375 | int target = e.id - (source) * (source - 1) / 2; ++target; |
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376 | ++source; |
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377 | e.id = source < _nodeNum ? source * (source - 1) / 2 + target : -1; |
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378 | } |
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379 | |
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380 | }; |
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381 | |
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382 | typedef MappableUndirGraphExtender< |
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383 | IterableUndirGraphExtender< |
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384 | AlterableUndirGraphExtender< |
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385 | UndirGraphExtender<UndirFullGraphBase> > > > ExtendedUndirFullGraphBase; |
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386 | |
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387 | /// \ingroup graphs |
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388 | /// |
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389 | /// \brief An undirected full graph class. |
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390 | /// |
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391 | /// This is a simple and fast directed full graph implementation. |
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392 | /// It is completely static, so you can neither add nor delete either |
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393 | /// edges or nodes. |
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394 | /// |
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395 | /// The main difference beetween the \e FullGraph and \e UndirFullGraph class |
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396 | /// is that this class conforms to the undirected graph concept and |
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397 | /// it does not contain the hook edges. |
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398 | /// |
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399 | /// \sa FullGraph |
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400 | /// |
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401 | /// \author Balazs Dezso |
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402 | class UndirFullGraph : public ExtendedUndirFullGraphBase { |
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403 | public: |
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404 | UndirFullGraph(int n) { construct(n); } |
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405 | }; |
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406 | |
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407 | } //namespace lemon |
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408 | |
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409 | |
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410 | #endif //LEMON_FULL_GRAPH_H |
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