1 | /* |
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2 | preflow_push_max_flow_hh |
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3 | by jacint. |
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4 | Runs a preflow push algorithm with the modification, |
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5 | that we do not push on nodes with level at least n. |
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6 | Moreover, if a level gets empty, we put all nodes above that |
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7 | level to level n. Hence, in the end, we arrive at a maximum preflow |
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8 | with value of a max flow value. An empty level gives a minimum cut. |
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9 | |
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10 | Member functions: |
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11 | |
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12 | void run() : runs the algorithm |
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13 | |
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14 | The following functions should be used after run() was already run. |
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15 | |
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16 | T maxflow() : returns the value of a maximum flow |
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17 | |
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18 | node_property_vector<graph_type, bool> mincut(): returns a |
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19 | characteristic vector of a minimum cut. |
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20 | */ |
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21 | |
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22 | #ifndef PREFLOW_PUSH_MAX_FLOW_HH |
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23 | #define PREFLOW_PUSH_MAX_FLOW_HH |
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24 | |
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25 | #include <algorithm> |
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26 | #include <vector> |
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27 | #include <stack> |
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28 | |
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29 | #include <marci_list_graph.hh> |
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30 | #include <marci_graph_traits.hh> |
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31 | #include <marci_property_vector.hh> |
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32 | #include <reverse_bfs.hh> |
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33 | |
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34 | |
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35 | namespace marci { |
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36 | |
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37 | template <typename graph_type, typename T> |
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38 | class preflow_push_max_flow { |
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39 | |
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40 | typedef typename graph_traits<graph_type>::node_iterator node_iterator; |
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41 | typedef typename graph_traits<graph_type>::each_node_iterator each_node_iterator; |
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42 | typedef typename graph_traits<graph_type>::out_edge_iterator out_edge_iterator; |
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43 | typedef typename graph_traits<graph_type>::in_edge_iterator in_edge_iterator; |
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44 | |
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45 | graph_type& G; |
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46 | node_iterator s; |
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47 | node_iterator t; |
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48 | edge_property_vector<graph_type, T>& capacity; |
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49 | T value; |
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50 | node_property_vector<graph_type, bool> mincutvector; |
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51 | |
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52 | |
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53 | |
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54 | public: |
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55 | |
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56 | preflow_push_max_flow(graph_type& _G, node_iterator _s, node_iterator _t, edge_property_vector<graph_type, T>& _capacity) : G(_G), s(_s), t(_t), capacity(_capacity), mincutvector(_G, false) { } |
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57 | |
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58 | |
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59 | /* |
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60 | The run() function runs a modified version of the highest label preflow-push, which only |
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61 | finds a maximum preflow, hence giving the value of a maximum flow. |
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62 | */ |
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63 | void run() { |
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64 | |
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65 | edge_property_vector<graph_type, T> flow(G, 0); //the flow value, 0 everywhere |
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66 | node_property_vector<graph_type, int> level(G); //level of node |
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67 | node_property_vector<graph_type, T> excess(G); //excess of node |
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68 | |
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69 | int n=number_of(G.first_node()); //number of nodes |
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70 | int b=n-2; |
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71 | /*b is a bound on the highest level of an active node. In the beginning it is at most n-2.*/ |
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72 | |
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73 | std::vector<int> numb(n); //The number of nodes on level i < n. |
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74 | |
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75 | std::vector<std::stack<node_iterator> > stack(2*n-1); //Stack of the active nodes in level i. |
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76 | |
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77 | |
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78 | |
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79 | /*Reverse_bfs from t, to find the starting level.*/ |
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80 | |
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81 | reverse_bfs<list_graph> bfs(G, t); |
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82 | bfs.run(); |
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83 | for(each_node_iterator v=G.first_node(); v.valid(); ++v) |
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84 | { |
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85 | int dist=bfs.dist(v); |
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86 | level.put(v, dist); |
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87 | ++numb[dist]; |
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88 | } |
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89 | |
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90 | /*The level of s is fixed to n*/ |
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91 | level.put(s,n); |
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92 | |
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93 | |
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94 | /* Starting flow. It is everywhere 0 at the moment. */ |
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95 | |
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96 | for(out_edge_iterator i=G.first_out_edge(s); i.valid(); ++i) |
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97 | { |
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98 | node_iterator w=G.head(i); |
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99 | flow.put(i, capacity.get(i)); |
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100 | stack[bfs.dist(w)].push(w); |
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101 | excess.put(w, capacity.get(i)); |
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102 | } |
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103 | |
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104 | |
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105 | /* |
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106 | End of preprocessing |
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107 | */ |
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108 | |
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109 | |
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110 | |
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111 | |
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112 | /* |
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113 | Push/relabel on the highest level active nodes. |
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114 | */ |
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115 | |
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116 | /*While there exists an active node.*/ |
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117 | while (b) { |
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118 | |
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119 | /*We decrease the bound if there is no active node of level b.*/ |
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120 | if (stack[b].empty()) { |
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121 | --b; |
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122 | } else { |
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123 | |
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124 | node_iterator w=stack[b].top(); //w is the highest label active node. |
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125 | stack[b].pop(); //We delete w from the stack. |
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126 | |
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127 | int newlevel=2*n-2; //In newlevel we maintain the next level of w. |
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128 | |
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129 | for(out_edge_iterator e=G.first_out_edge(w); e.valid(); ++e) { |
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130 | node_iterator v=G.head(e); |
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131 | /*e is the edge wv.*/ |
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132 | |
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133 | if (flow.get(e)<capacity.get(e)) { |
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134 | /*e is an edge of the residual graph */ |
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135 | |
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136 | if(level.get(w)==level.get(v)+1) { |
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137 | /*Push is allowed now*/ |
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138 | |
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139 | if (capacity.get(e)-flow.get(e) > excess.get(w)) { |
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140 | /*A nonsaturating push.*/ |
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141 | |
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142 | if (excess.get(v)==0 && v != s) stack[level.get(v)].push(v); |
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143 | /*v becomes active.*/ |
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144 | |
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145 | flow.put(e, flow.get(e)+excess.get(w)); |
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146 | excess.put(v, excess.get(v)+excess.get(w)); |
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147 | excess.put(w,0); |
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148 | //std::cout << w << " " << v <<" elore elen nonsat pump " << std::endl; |
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149 | break; |
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150 | } else { |
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151 | /*A saturating push.*/ |
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152 | |
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153 | if (excess.get(v)==0 && v != s) stack[level.get(v)].push(v); |
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154 | /*v becomes active.*/ |
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155 | |
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156 | excess.put(v, excess.get(v)+capacity.get(e)-flow.get(e)); |
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157 | excess.put(w, excess.get(w)-capacity.get(e)+flow.get(e)); |
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158 | flow.put(e, capacity.get(e)); |
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159 | //std::cout << w <<" " << v <<" elore elen sat pump " << std::endl; |
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160 | if (excess.get(w)==0) break; |
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161 | /*If w is not active any more, then we go on to the next node.*/ |
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162 | |
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163 | } // if (capacity.get(e)-flow.get(e) > excess.get(w)) |
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164 | } // if (level.get(w)==level.get(v)+1) |
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165 | |
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166 | else {newlevel = newlevel < level.get(v) ? newlevel : level.get(v);} |
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167 | |
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168 | } //if (flow.get(e)<capacity.get(e)) |
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169 | |
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170 | } //for(out_edge_iterator e=G.first_out_edge(w); e.valid(); ++e) |
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171 | |
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172 | |
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173 | |
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174 | for(in_edge_iterator e=G.first_in_edge(w); e.valid(); ++e) { |
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175 | node_iterator v=G.tail(e); |
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176 | /*e is the edge vw.*/ |
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177 | |
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178 | if (excess.get(w)==0) break; |
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179 | /*It may happen, that w became inactive in the first 'for' cycle.*/ |
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180 | |
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181 | if(flow.get(e)>0) { |
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182 | /*e is an edge of the residual graph */ |
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183 | |
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184 | if(level.get(w)==level.get(v)+1) { |
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185 | /*Push is allowed now*/ |
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186 | |
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187 | if (flow.get(e) > excess.get(w)) { |
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188 | /*A nonsaturating push.*/ |
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189 | |
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190 | if (excess.get(v)==0 && v != s) stack[level.get(v)].push(v); |
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191 | /*v becomes active.*/ |
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192 | |
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193 | flow.put(e, flow.get(e)-excess.get(w)); |
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194 | excess.put(v, excess.get(v)+excess.get(w)); |
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195 | excess.put(w,0); |
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196 | //std::cout << v << " " << w << " vissza elen nonsat pump " << std::endl; |
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197 | break; |
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198 | } else { |
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199 | /*A saturating push.*/ |
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200 | |
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201 | if (excess.get(v)==0 && v != s) stack[level.get(v)].push(v); |
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202 | /*v becomes active.*/ |
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203 | |
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204 | flow.put(e,0); |
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205 | excess.put(v, excess.get(v)+flow.get(e)); |
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206 | excess.put(w, excess.get(w)-flow.get(e)); |
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207 | //std::cout << v <<" " << w << " vissza elen sat pump " << std::endl; |
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208 | if (excess.get(w)==0) { break;} |
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209 | } //if (flow.get(e) > excess.get(v)) |
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210 | } //if(level.get(w)==level.get(v)+1) |
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211 | |
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212 | else {newlevel = newlevel < level.get(v) ? newlevel : level.get(v);} |
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213 | //std::cout << "Leveldecrease of node " << w << " to " << newlevel << std::endl; |
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214 | |
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215 | } //if (flow.get(e)>0) |
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216 | |
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217 | } //for in-edge |
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218 | |
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219 | |
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220 | |
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221 | |
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222 | /* |
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223 | Relabel |
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224 | */ |
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225 | if (excess.get(w)>0) { |
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226 | /*Now newlevel <= n*/ |
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227 | |
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228 | int l=level.get(w); //l is the old level of w. |
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229 | --numb[l]; |
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230 | |
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231 | if (newlevel == n) { |
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232 | level.put(w,n); |
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233 | |
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234 | } else { |
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235 | |
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236 | if (numb[l]) { |
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237 | /*If the level of w remains nonempty.*/ |
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238 | |
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239 | level.put(w,++newlevel); |
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240 | ++numb[newlevel]; |
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241 | stack[newlevel].push(w); |
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242 | b=newlevel; |
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243 | } else { |
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244 | /*If the level of w gets empty.*/ |
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245 | |
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246 | for (each_node_iterator v=G.first_node() ; v.valid() ; ++v) { |
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247 | if (level.get(v) >= l ) { |
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248 | level.put(v,n); |
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249 | } |
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250 | } |
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251 | |
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252 | for (int i=l+1 ; i!=n ; ++i) numb[i]=0; |
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253 | } //if (numb[l]) |
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254 | |
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255 | } // if (newlevel = n) |
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256 | |
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257 | } // if (excess.get(w)>0) |
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258 | |
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259 | |
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260 | } //else |
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261 | |
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262 | } //while(b) |
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263 | |
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264 | value=excess.get(t); |
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265 | /*Max flow value.*/ |
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266 | |
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267 | |
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268 | |
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269 | /* |
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270 | We find an empty level, e. The nodes above this level give |
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271 | a minimum cut. |
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272 | */ |
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273 | |
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274 | int e=1; |
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275 | |
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276 | while(e) { |
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277 | if(numb[e]) ++e; |
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278 | else break; |
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279 | } |
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280 | for (each_node_iterator v=G.first_node(); v.valid(); ++v) { |
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281 | if (level.get(v) > e) mincutvector.put(v, true); |
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282 | } |
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283 | |
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284 | |
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285 | } // void run() |
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286 | |
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287 | |
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288 | |
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289 | /* |
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290 | Returns the maximum value of a flow. |
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291 | */ |
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292 | |
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293 | T maxflow() { |
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294 | return value; |
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295 | } |
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296 | |
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297 | |
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298 | |
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299 | /* |
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300 | Returns a minimum cut. |
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301 | */ |
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302 | |
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303 | node_property_vector<graph_type, bool> mincut() { |
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304 | return mincutvector; |
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305 | } |
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306 | |
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307 | |
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308 | }; |
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309 | }//namespace marci |
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310 | #endif |
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311 | |
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312 | |
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313 | |
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314 | |
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315 | |
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