1 | /* -*- C++ -*- |
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2 | * |
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3 | * This file is a part of LEMON, a generic C++ optimization library |
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4 | * |
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5 | * Copyright (C) 2003-2008 |
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6 | * Egervary Jeno Kombinatorikus Optimalizalasi Kutatocsoport |
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7 | * (Egervary Research Group on Combinatorial Optimization, EGRES). |
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8 | * |
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9 | * Permission to use, modify and distribute this software is granted |
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10 | * provided that this copyright notice appears in all copies. For |
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11 | * precise terms see the accompanying LICENSE file. |
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12 | * |
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13 | * This software is provided "AS IS" with no warranty of any kind, |
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14 | * express or implied, and with no claim as to its suitability for any |
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15 | * purpose. |
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16 | * |
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17 | */ |
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18 | |
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19 | #ifndef LEMON_LIST_GRAPH_H |
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20 | #define LEMON_LIST_GRAPH_H |
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21 | |
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22 | ///\ingroup graphs |
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23 | ///\file |
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24 | ///\brief ListDigraph, ListGraph classes. |
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25 | |
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26 | #include <lemon/bits/graph_extender.h> |
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27 | |
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28 | #include <vector> |
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29 | #include <list> |
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30 | |
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31 | namespace lemon { |
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32 | |
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33 | class ListDigraphBase { |
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34 | |
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35 | protected: |
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36 | struct NodeT { |
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37 | int first_in, first_out; |
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38 | int prev, next; |
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39 | }; |
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40 | |
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41 | struct ArcT { |
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42 | int target, source; |
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43 | int prev_in, prev_out; |
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44 | int next_in, next_out; |
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45 | }; |
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46 | |
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47 | std::vector<NodeT> nodes; |
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48 | |
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49 | int first_node; |
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50 | |
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51 | int first_free_node; |
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52 | |
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53 | std::vector<ArcT> arcs; |
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54 | |
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55 | int first_free_arc; |
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56 | |
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57 | public: |
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58 | |
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59 | typedef ListDigraphBase Digraph; |
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60 | |
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61 | class Node { |
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62 | friend class ListDigraphBase; |
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63 | protected: |
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64 | |
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65 | int id; |
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66 | explicit Node(int pid) { id = pid;} |
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67 | |
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68 | public: |
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69 | Node() {} |
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70 | Node (Invalid) { id = -1; } |
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71 | bool operator==(const Node& node) const {return id == node.id;} |
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72 | bool operator!=(const Node& node) const {return id != node.id;} |
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73 | bool operator<(const Node& node) const {return id < node.id;} |
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74 | }; |
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75 | |
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76 | class Arc { |
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77 | friend class ListDigraphBase; |
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78 | protected: |
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79 | |
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80 | int id; |
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81 | explicit Arc(int pid) { id = pid;} |
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82 | |
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83 | public: |
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84 | Arc() {} |
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85 | Arc (Invalid) { id = -1; } |
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86 | bool operator==(const Arc& arc) const {return id == arc.id;} |
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87 | bool operator!=(const Arc& arc) const {return id != arc.id;} |
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88 | bool operator<(const Arc& arc) const {return id < arc.id;} |
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89 | }; |
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90 | |
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91 | |
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92 | |
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93 | ListDigraphBase() |
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94 | : nodes(), first_node(-1), |
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95 | first_free_node(-1), arcs(), first_free_arc(-1) {} |
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96 | |
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97 | |
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98 | int maxNodeId() const { return nodes.size()-1; } |
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99 | int maxArcId() const { return arcs.size()-1; } |
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100 | |
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101 | Node source(Arc e) const { return Node(arcs[e.id].source); } |
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102 | Node target(Arc e) const { return Node(arcs[e.id].target); } |
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103 | |
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104 | |
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105 | void first(Node& node) const { |
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106 | node.id = first_node; |
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107 | } |
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108 | |
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109 | void next(Node& node) const { |
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110 | node.id = nodes[node.id].next; |
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111 | } |
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112 | |
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113 | |
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114 | void first(Arc& arc) const { |
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115 | int n; |
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116 | for(n = first_node; |
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117 | n!=-1 && nodes[n].first_in == -1; |
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118 | n = nodes[n].next) {} |
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119 | arc.id = (n == -1) ? -1 : nodes[n].first_in; |
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120 | } |
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121 | |
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122 | void next(Arc& arc) const { |
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123 | if (arcs[arc.id].next_in != -1) { |
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124 | arc.id = arcs[arc.id].next_in; |
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125 | } else { |
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126 | int n; |
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127 | for(n = nodes[arcs[arc.id].target].next; |
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128 | n!=-1 && nodes[n].first_in == -1; |
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129 | n = nodes[n].next) {} |
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130 | arc.id = (n == -1) ? -1 : nodes[n].first_in; |
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131 | } |
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132 | } |
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133 | |
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134 | void firstOut(Arc &e, const Node& v) const { |
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135 | e.id = nodes[v.id].first_out; |
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136 | } |
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137 | void nextOut(Arc &e) const { |
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138 | e.id=arcs[e.id].next_out; |
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139 | } |
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140 | |
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141 | void firstIn(Arc &e, const Node& v) const { |
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142 | e.id = nodes[v.id].first_in; |
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143 | } |
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144 | void nextIn(Arc &e) const { |
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145 | e.id=arcs[e.id].next_in; |
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146 | } |
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147 | |
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148 | |
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149 | static int id(Node v) { return v.id; } |
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150 | static int id(Arc e) { return e.id; } |
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151 | |
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152 | static Node nodeFromId(int id) { return Node(id);} |
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153 | static Arc arcFromId(int id) { return Arc(id);} |
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154 | |
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155 | bool valid(Node n) const { |
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156 | return n.id >= 0 && n.id < static_cast<int>(nodes.size()) && |
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157 | nodes[n.id].prev != -2; |
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158 | } |
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159 | |
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160 | bool valid(Arc a) const { |
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161 | return a.id >= 0 && a.id < static_cast<int>(arcs.size()) && |
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162 | arcs[a.id].prev_in != -2; |
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163 | } |
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164 | |
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165 | Node addNode() { |
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166 | int n; |
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167 | |
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168 | if(first_free_node==-1) { |
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169 | n = nodes.size(); |
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170 | nodes.push_back(NodeT()); |
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171 | } else { |
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172 | n = first_free_node; |
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173 | first_free_node = nodes[n].next; |
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174 | } |
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175 | |
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176 | nodes[n].next = first_node; |
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177 | if(first_node != -1) nodes[first_node].prev = n; |
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178 | first_node = n; |
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179 | nodes[n].prev = -1; |
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180 | |
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181 | nodes[n].first_in = nodes[n].first_out = -1; |
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182 | |
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183 | return Node(n); |
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184 | } |
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185 | |
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186 | Arc addArc(Node u, Node v) { |
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187 | int n; |
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188 | |
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189 | if (first_free_arc == -1) { |
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190 | n = arcs.size(); |
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191 | arcs.push_back(ArcT()); |
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192 | } else { |
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193 | n = first_free_arc; |
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194 | first_free_arc = arcs[n].next_in; |
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195 | } |
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196 | |
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197 | arcs[n].source = u.id; |
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198 | arcs[n].target = v.id; |
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199 | |
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200 | arcs[n].next_out = nodes[u.id].first_out; |
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201 | if(nodes[u.id].first_out != -1) { |
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202 | arcs[nodes[u.id].first_out].prev_out = n; |
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203 | } |
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204 | |
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205 | arcs[n].next_in = nodes[v.id].first_in; |
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206 | if(nodes[v.id].first_in != -1) { |
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207 | arcs[nodes[v.id].first_in].prev_in = n; |
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208 | } |
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209 | |
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210 | arcs[n].prev_in = arcs[n].prev_out = -1; |
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211 | |
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212 | nodes[u.id].first_out = nodes[v.id].first_in = n; |
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213 | |
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214 | return Arc(n); |
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215 | } |
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216 | |
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217 | void erase(const Node& node) { |
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218 | int n = node.id; |
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219 | |
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220 | if(nodes[n].next != -1) { |
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221 | nodes[nodes[n].next].prev = nodes[n].prev; |
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222 | } |
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223 | |
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224 | if(nodes[n].prev != -1) { |
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225 | nodes[nodes[n].prev].next = nodes[n].next; |
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226 | } else { |
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227 | first_node = nodes[n].next; |
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228 | } |
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229 | |
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230 | nodes[n].next = first_free_node; |
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231 | first_free_node = n; |
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232 | nodes[n].prev = -2; |
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233 | |
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234 | } |
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235 | |
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236 | void erase(const Arc& arc) { |
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237 | int n = arc.id; |
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238 | |
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239 | if(arcs[n].next_in!=-1) { |
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240 | arcs[arcs[n].next_in].prev_in = arcs[n].prev_in; |
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241 | } |
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242 | |
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243 | if(arcs[n].prev_in!=-1) { |
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244 | arcs[arcs[n].prev_in].next_in = arcs[n].next_in; |
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245 | } else { |
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246 | nodes[arcs[n].target].first_in = arcs[n].next_in; |
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247 | } |
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248 | |
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249 | |
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250 | if(arcs[n].next_out!=-1) { |
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251 | arcs[arcs[n].next_out].prev_out = arcs[n].prev_out; |
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252 | } |
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253 | |
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254 | if(arcs[n].prev_out!=-1) { |
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255 | arcs[arcs[n].prev_out].next_out = arcs[n].next_out; |
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256 | } else { |
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257 | nodes[arcs[n].source].first_out = arcs[n].next_out; |
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258 | } |
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259 | |
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260 | arcs[n].next_in = first_free_arc; |
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261 | first_free_arc = n; |
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262 | arcs[n].prev_in = -2; |
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263 | } |
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264 | |
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265 | void clear() { |
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266 | arcs.clear(); |
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267 | nodes.clear(); |
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268 | first_node = first_free_node = first_free_arc = -1; |
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269 | } |
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270 | |
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271 | protected: |
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272 | void changeTarget(Arc e, Node n) |
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273 | { |
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274 | if(arcs[e.id].next_in != -1) |
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275 | arcs[arcs[e.id].next_in].prev_in = arcs[e.id].prev_in; |
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276 | if(arcs[e.id].prev_in != -1) |
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277 | arcs[arcs[e.id].prev_in].next_in = arcs[e.id].next_in; |
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278 | else nodes[arcs[e.id].target].first_in = arcs[e.id].next_in; |
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279 | if (nodes[n.id].first_in != -1) { |
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280 | arcs[nodes[n.id].first_in].prev_in = e.id; |
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281 | } |
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282 | arcs[e.id].target = n.id; |
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283 | arcs[e.id].prev_in = -1; |
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284 | arcs[e.id].next_in = nodes[n.id].first_in; |
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285 | nodes[n.id].first_in = e.id; |
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286 | } |
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287 | void changeSource(Arc e, Node n) |
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288 | { |
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289 | if(arcs[e.id].next_out != -1) |
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290 | arcs[arcs[e.id].next_out].prev_out = arcs[e.id].prev_out; |
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291 | if(arcs[e.id].prev_out != -1) |
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292 | arcs[arcs[e.id].prev_out].next_out = arcs[e.id].next_out; |
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293 | else nodes[arcs[e.id].source].first_out = arcs[e.id].next_out; |
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294 | if (nodes[n.id].first_out != -1) { |
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295 | arcs[nodes[n.id].first_out].prev_out = e.id; |
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296 | } |
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297 | arcs[e.id].source = n.id; |
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298 | arcs[e.id].prev_out = -1; |
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299 | arcs[e.id].next_out = nodes[n.id].first_out; |
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300 | nodes[n.id].first_out = e.id; |
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301 | } |
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302 | |
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303 | }; |
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304 | |
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305 | typedef DigraphExtender<ListDigraphBase> ExtendedListDigraphBase; |
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306 | |
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307 | /// \addtogroup graphs |
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308 | /// @{ |
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309 | |
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310 | ///A general directed graph structure. |
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311 | |
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312 | ///\ref ListDigraph is a simple and fast <em>directed graph</em> |
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313 | ///implementation based on static linked lists that are stored in |
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314 | ///\c std::vector structures. |
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315 | /// |
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316 | ///It conforms to the \ref concepts::Digraph "Digraph concept" and it |
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317 | ///also provides several useful additional functionalities. |
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318 | ///Most of the member functions and nested classes are documented |
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319 | ///only in the concept class. |
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320 | /// |
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321 | ///An important extra feature of this digraph implementation is that |
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322 | ///its maps are real \ref concepts::ReferenceMap "reference map"s. |
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323 | /// |
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324 | ///\sa concepts::Digraph |
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325 | |
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326 | class ListDigraph : public ExtendedListDigraphBase { |
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327 | private: |
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328 | ///ListDigraph is \e not copy constructible. Use copyDigraph() instead. |
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329 | |
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330 | ///ListDigraph is \e not copy constructible. Use copyDigraph() instead. |
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331 | /// |
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332 | ListDigraph(const ListDigraph &) :ExtendedListDigraphBase() {}; |
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333 | ///\brief Assignment of ListDigraph to another one is \e not allowed. |
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334 | ///Use copyDigraph() instead. |
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335 | |
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336 | ///Assignment of ListDigraph to another one is \e not allowed. |
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337 | ///Use copyDigraph() instead. |
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338 | void operator=(const ListDigraph &) {} |
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339 | public: |
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340 | |
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341 | typedef ExtendedListDigraphBase Parent; |
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342 | |
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343 | /// Constructor |
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344 | |
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345 | /// Constructor. |
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346 | /// |
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347 | ListDigraph() {} |
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348 | |
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349 | ///Add a new node to the digraph. |
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350 | |
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351 | ///Add a new node to the digraph. |
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352 | ///\return the new node. |
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353 | Node addNode() { return Parent::addNode(); } |
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354 | |
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355 | ///Add a new arc to the digraph. |
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356 | |
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357 | ///Add a new arc to the digraph with source node \c s |
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358 | ///and target node \c t. |
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359 | ///\return the new arc. |
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360 | Arc addArc(const Node& s, const Node& t) { |
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361 | return Parent::addArc(s, t); |
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362 | } |
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363 | |
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364 | /// Node validity check |
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365 | |
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366 | /// This function gives back true if the given node is valid, |
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367 | /// ie. it is a real node of the graph. |
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368 | /// |
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369 | /// \warning A Node pointing to a removed item |
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370 | /// could become valid again later if new nodes are |
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371 | /// added to the graph. |
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372 | bool valid(Node n) const { return Parent::valid(n); } |
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373 | |
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374 | /// Arc validity check |
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375 | |
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376 | /// This function gives back true if the given arc is valid, |
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377 | /// ie. it is a real arc of the graph. |
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378 | /// |
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379 | /// \warning An Arc pointing to a removed item |
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380 | /// could become valid again later if new nodes are |
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381 | /// added to the graph. |
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382 | bool valid(Arc a) const { return Parent::valid(a); } |
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383 | |
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384 | /// Change the target of \c e to \c n |
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385 | |
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386 | /// Change the target of \c e to \c n |
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387 | /// |
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388 | ///\note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s and <tt>OutArcIt</tt>s referencing |
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389 | ///the changed arc remain valid. However <tt>InArcIt</tt>s are |
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390 | ///invalidated. |
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391 | /// |
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392 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the Snapshot |
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393 | ///feature. |
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394 | void changeTarget(Arc e, Node n) { |
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395 | Parent::changeTarget(e,n); |
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396 | } |
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397 | /// Change the source of \c e to \c n |
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398 | |
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399 | /// Change the source of \c e to \c n |
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400 | /// |
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401 | ///\note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s and <tt>InArcIt</tt>s referencing |
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402 | ///the changed arc remain valid. However <tt>OutArcIt</tt>s are |
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403 | ///invalidated. |
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404 | /// |
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405 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the Snapshot |
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406 | ///feature. |
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407 | void changeSource(Arc e, Node n) { |
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408 | Parent::changeSource(e,n); |
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409 | } |
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410 | |
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411 | /// Invert the direction of an arc. |
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412 | |
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413 | ///\note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s referencing the changed arc remain |
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414 | ///valid. However <tt>OutArcIt</tt>s and <tt>InArcIt</tt>s are |
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415 | ///invalidated. |
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416 | /// |
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417 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the Snapshot |
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418 | ///feature. |
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419 | void reverseArc(Arc e) { |
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420 | Node t=target(e); |
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421 | changeTarget(e,source(e)); |
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422 | changeSource(e,t); |
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423 | } |
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424 | |
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425 | /// Reserve memory for nodes. |
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426 | |
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427 | /// Using this function it is possible to avoid the superfluous memory |
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428 | /// allocation: if you know that the digraph you want to build will |
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429 | /// be very large (e.g. it will contain millions of nodes and/or arcs) |
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430 | /// then it is worth reserving space for this amount before starting |
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431 | /// to build the digraph. |
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432 | /// \sa reserveArc |
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433 | void reserveNode(int n) { nodes.reserve(n); }; |
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434 | |
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435 | /// Reserve memory for arcs. |
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436 | |
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437 | /// Using this function it is possible to avoid the superfluous memory |
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438 | /// allocation: if you know that the digraph you want to build will |
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439 | /// be very large (e.g. it will contain millions of nodes and/or arcs) |
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440 | /// then it is worth reserving space for this amount before starting |
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441 | /// to build the digraph. |
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442 | /// \sa reserveNode |
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443 | void reserveArc(int m) { arcs.reserve(m); }; |
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444 | |
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445 | ///Contract two nodes. |
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446 | |
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447 | ///This function contracts two nodes. |
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448 | ///Node \p b will be removed but instead of deleting |
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449 | ///incident arcs, they will be joined to \p a. |
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450 | ///The last parameter \p r controls whether to remove loops. \c true |
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451 | ///means that loops will be removed. |
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452 | /// |
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453 | ///\note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s referencing a moved arc remain |
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454 | ///valid. However <tt>InArcIt</tt>s and <tt>OutArcIt</tt>s |
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455 | ///may be invalidated. |
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456 | /// |
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457 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the Snapshot |
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458 | ///feature. |
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459 | void contract(Node a, Node b, bool r = true) |
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460 | { |
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461 | for(OutArcIt e(*this,b);e!=INVALID;) { |
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462 | OutArcIt f=e; |
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463 | ++f; |
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464 | if(r && target(e)==a) erase(e); |
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465 | else changeSource(e,a); |
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466 | e=f; |
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467 | } |
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468 | for(InArcIt e(*this,b);e!=INVALID;) { |
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469 | InArcIt f=e; |
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470 | ++f; |
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471 | if(r && source(e)==a) erase(e); |
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472 | else changeTarget(e,a); |
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473 | e=f; |
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474 | } |
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475 | erase(b); |
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476 | } |
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477 | |
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478 | ///Split a node. |
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479 | |
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480 | ///This function splits a node. First a new node is added to the digraph, |
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481 | ///then the source of each outgoing arc of \c n is moved to this new node. |
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482 | ///If \c connect is \c true (this is the default value), then a new arc |
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483 | ///from \c n to the newly created node is also added. |
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484 | ///\return The newly created node. |
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485 | /// |
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486 | ///\note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s referencing a moved arc remain |
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487 | ///valid. However <tt>InArcIt</tt>s and <tt>OutArcIt</tt>s may |
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488 | ///be invalidated. |
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489 | /// |
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490 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the |
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491 | ///Snapshot feature. |
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492 | /// |
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493 | ///\todo It could be implemented in a bit faster way. |
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494 | Node split(Node n, bool connect = true) { |
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495 | Node b = addNode(); |
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496 | for(OutArcIt e(*this,n);e!=INVALID;) { |
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497 | OutArcIt f=e; |
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498 | ++f; |
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499 | changeSource(e,b); |
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500 | e=f; |
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501 | } |
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502 | if (connect) addArc(n,b); |
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503 | return b; |
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504 | } |
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505 | |
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506 | ///Split an arc. |
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507 | |
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508 | ///This function splits an arc. First a new node \c b is added to |
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509 | ///the digraph, then the original arc is re-targeted to \c |
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510 | ///b. Finally an arc from \c b to the original target is added. |
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511 | /// |
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512 | ///\return The newly created node. |
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513 | /// |
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514 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the |
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515 | ///Snapshot feature. |
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516 | Node split(Arc e) { |
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517 | Node b = addNode(); |
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518 | addArc(b,target(e)); |
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519 | changeTarget(e,b); |
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520 | return b; |
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521 | } |
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522 | |
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523 | /// \brief Class to make a snapshot of the digraph and restore |
---|
524 | /// it later. |
---|
525 | /// |
---|
526 | /// Class to make a snapshot of the digraph and restore it later. |
---|
527 | /// |
---|
528 | /// The newly added nodes and arcs can be removed using the |
---|
529 | /// restore() function. |
---|
530 | /// |
---|
531 | /// \warning Arc and node deletions and other modifications (e.g. |
---|
532 | /// contracting, splitting, reversing arcs or nodes) cannot be |
---|
533 | /// restored. These events invalidate the snapshot. |
---|
534 | class Snapshot { |
---|
535 | protected: |
---|
536 | |
---|
537 | typedef Parent::NodeNotifier NodeNotifier; |
---|
538 | |
---|
539 | class NodeObserverProxy : public NodeNotifier::ObserverBase { |
---|
540 | public: |
---|
541 | |
---|
542 | NodeObserverProxy(Snapshot& _snapshot) |
---|
543 | : snapshot(_snapshot) {} |
---|
544 | |
---|
545 | using NodeNotifier::ObserverBase::attach; |
---|
546 | using NodeNotifier::ObserverBase::detach; |
---|
547 | using NodeNotifier::ObserverBase::attached; |
---|
548 | |
---|
549 | protected: |
---|
550 | |
---|
551 | virtual void add(const Node& node) { |
---|
552 | snapshot.addNode(node); |
---|
553 | } |
---|
554 | virtual void add(const std::vector<Node>& nodes) { |
---|
555 | for (int i = nodes.size() - 1; i >= 0; ++i) { |
---|
556 | snapshot.addNode(nodes[i]); |
---|
557 | } |
---|
558 | } |
---|
559 | virtual void erase(const Node& node) { |
---|
560 | snapshot.eraseNode(node); |
---|
561 | } |
---|
562 | virtual void erase(const std::vector<Node>& nodes) { |
---|
563 | for (int i = 0; i < int(nodes.size()); ++i) { |
---|
564 | snapshot.eraseNode(nodes[i]); |
---|
565 | } |
---|
566 | } |
---|
567 | virtual void build() { |
---|
568 | Node node; |
---|
569 | std::vector<Node> nodes; |
---|
570 | for (notifier()->first(node); node != INVALID; |
---|
571 | notifier()->next(node)) { |
---|
572 | nodes.push_back(node); |
---|
573 | } |
---|
574 | for (int i = nodes.size() - 1; i >= 0; --i) { |
---|
575 | snapshot.addNode(nodes[i]); |
---|
576 | } |
---|
577 | } |
---|
578 | virtual void clear() { |
---|
579 | Node node; |
---|
580 | for (notifier()->first(node); node != INVALID; |
---|
581 | notifier()->next(node)) { |
---|
582 | snapshot.eraseNode(node); |
---|
583 | } |
---|
584 | } |
---|
585 | |
---|
586 | Snapshot& snapshot; |
---|
587 | }; |
---|
588 | |
---|
589 | class ArcObserverProxy : public ArcNotifier::ObserverBase { |
---|
590 | public: |
---|
591 | |
---|
592 | ArcObserverProxy(Snapshot& _snapshot) |
---|
593 | : snapshot(_snapshot) {} |
---|
594 | |
---|
595 | using ArcNotifier::ObserverBase::attach; |
---|
596 | using ArcNotifier::ObserverBase::detach; |
---|
597 | using ArcNotifier::ObserverBase::attached; |
---|
598 | |
---|
599 | protected: |
---|
600 | |
---|
601 | virtual void add(const Arc& arc) { |
---|
602 | snapshot.addArc(arc); |
---|
603 | } |
---|
604 | virtual void add(const std::vector<Arc>& arcs) { |
---|
605 | for (int i = arcs.size() - 1; i >= 0; ++i) { |
---|
606 | snapshot.addArc(arcs[i]); |
---|
607 | } |
---|
608 | } |
---|
609 | virtual void erase(const Arc& arc) { |
---|
610 | snapshot.eraseArc(arc); |
---|
611 | } |
---|
612 | virtual void erase(const std::vector<Arc>& arcs) { |
---|
613 | for (int i = 0; i < int(arcs.size()); ++i) { |
---|
614 | snapshot.eraseArc(arcs[i]); |
---|
615 | } |
---|
616 | } |
---|
617 | virtual void build() { |
---|
618 | Arc arc; |
---|
619 | std::vector<Arc> arcs; |
---|
620 | for (notifier()->first(arc); arc != INVALID; |
---|
621 | notifier()->next(arc)) { |
---|
622 | arcs.push_back(arc); |
---|
623 | } |
---|
624 | for (int i = arcs.size() - 1; i >= 0; --i) { |
---|
625 | snapshot.addArc(arcs[i]); |
---|
626 | } |
---|
627 | } |
---|
628 | virtual void clear() { |
---|
629 | Arc arc; |
---|
630 | for (notifier()->first(arc); arc != INVALID; |
---|
631 | notifier()->next(arc)) { |
---|
632 | snapshot.eraseArc(arc); |
---|
633 | } |
---|
634 | } |
---|
635 | |
---|
636 | Snapshot& snapshot; |
---|
637 | }; |
---|
638 | |
---|
639 | ListDigraph *digraph; |
---|
640 | |
---|
641 | NodeObserverProxy node_observer_proxy; |
---|
642 | ArcObserverProxy arc_observer_proxy; |
---|
643 | |
---|
644 | std::list<Node> added_nodes; |
---|
645 | std::list<Arc> added_arcs; |
---|
646 | |
---|
647 | |
---|
648 | void addNode(const Node& node) { |
---|
649 | added_nodes.push_front(node); |
---|
650 | } |
---|
651 | void eraseNode(const Node& node) { |
---|
652 | std::list<Node>::iterator it = |
---|
653 | std::find(added_nodes.begin(), added_nodes.end(), node); |
---|
654 | if (it == added_nodes.end()) { |
---|
655 | clear(); |
---|
656 | arc_observer_proxy.detach(); |
---|
657 | throw NodeNotifier::ImmediateDetach(); |
---|
658 | } else { |
---|
659 | added_nodes.erase(it); |
---|
660 | } |
---|
661 | } |
---|
662 | |
---|
663 | void addArc(const Arc& arc) { |
---|
664 | added_arcs.push_front(arc); |
---|
665 | } |
---|
666 | void eraseArc(const Arc& arc) { |
---|
667 | std::list<Arc>::iterator it = |
---|
668 | std::find(added_arcs.begin(), added_arcs.end(), arc); |
---|
669 | if (it == added_arcs.end()) { |
---|
670 | clear(); |
---|
671 | node_observer_proxy.detach(); |
---|
672 | throw ArcNotifier::ImmediateDetach(); |
---|
673 | } else { |
---|
674 | added_arcs.erase(it); |
---|
675 | } |
---|
676 | } |
---|
677 | |
---|
678 | void attach(ListDigraph &_digraph) { |
---|
679 | digraph = &_digraph; |
---|
680 | node_observer_proxy.attach(digraph->notifier(Node())); |
---|
681 | arc_observer_proxy.attach(digraph->notifier(Arc())); |
---|
682 | } |
---|
683 | |
---|
684 | void detach() { |
---|
685 | node_observer_proxy.detach(); |
---|
686 | arc_observer_proxy.detach(); |
---|
687 | } |
---|
688 | |
---|
689 | bool attached() const { |
---|
690 | return node_observer_proxy.attached(); |
---|
691 | } |
---|
692 | |
---|
693 | void clear() { |
---|
694 | added_nodes.clear(); |
---|
695 | added_arcs.clear(); |
---|
696 | } |
---|
697 | |
---|
698 | public: |
---|
699 | |
---|
700 | /// \brief Default constructor. |
---|
701 | /// |
---|
702 | /// Default constructor. |
---|
703 | /// To actually make a snapshot you must call save(). |
---|
704 | Snapshot() |
---|
705 | : digraph(0), node_observer_proxy(*this), |
---|
706 | arc_observer_proxy(*this) {} |
---|
707 | |
---|
708 | /// \brief Constructor that immediately makes a snapshot. |
---|
709 | /// |
---|
710 | /// This constructor immediately makes a snapshot of the digraph. |
---|
711 | /// \param _digraph The digraph we make a snapshot of. |
---|
712 | Snapshot(ListDigraph &_digraph) |
---|
713 | : node_observer_proxy(*this), |
---|
714 | arc_observer_proxy(*this) { |
---|
715 | attach(_digraph); |
---|
716 | } |
---|
717 | |
---|
718 | /// \brief Make a snapshot. |
---|
719 | /// |
---|
720 | /// Make a snapshot of the digraph. |
---|
721 | /// |
---|
722 | /// This function can be called more than once. In case of a repeated |
---|
723 | /// call, the previous snapshot gets lost. |
---|
724 | /// \param _digraph The digraph we make the snapshot of. |
---|
725 | void save(ListDigraph &_digraph) { |
---|
726 | if (attached()) { |
---|
727 | detach(); |
---|
728 | clear(); |
---|
729 | } |
---|
730 | attach(_digraph); |
---|
731 | } |
---|
732 | |
---|
733 | /// \brief Undo the changes until the last snapshot. |
---|
734 | // |
---|
735 | /// Undo the changes until the last snapshot created by save(). |
---|
736 | void restore() { |
---|
737 | detach(); |
---|
738 | for(std::list<Arc>::iterator it = added_arcs.begin(); |
---|
739 | it != added_arcs.end(); ++it) { |
---|
740 | digraph->erase(*it); |
---|
741 | } |
---|
742 | for(std::list<Node>::iterator it = added_nodes.begin(); |
---|
743 | it != added_nodes.end(); ++it) { |
---|
744 | digraph->erase(*it); |
---|
745 | } |
---|
746 | clear(); |
---|
747 | } |
---|
748 | |
---|
749 | /// \brief Gives back true when the snapshot is valid. |
---|
750 | /// |
---|
751 | /// Gives back true when the snapshot is valid. |
---|
752 | bool valid() const { |
---|
753 | return attached(); |
---|
754 | } |
---|
755 | }; |
---|
756 | |
---|
757 | }; |
---|
758 | |
---|
759 | ///@} |
---|
760 | |
---|
761 | class ListGraphBase { |
---|
762 | |
---|
763 | protected: |
---|
764 | |
---|
765 | struct NodeT { |
---|
766 | int first_out; |
---|
767 | int prev, next; |
---|
768 | }; |
---|
769 | |
---|
770 | struct ArcT { |
---|
771 | int target; |
---|
772 | int prev_out, next_out; |
---|
773 | }; |
---|
774 | |
---|
775 | std::vector<NodeT> nodes; |
---|
776 | |
---|
777 | int first_node; |
---|
778 | |
---|
779 | int first_free_node; |
---|
780 | |
---|
781 | std::vector<ArcT> arcs; |
---|
782 | |
---|
783 | int first_free_arc; |
---|
784 | |
---|
785 | public: |
---|
786 | |
---|
787 | typedef ListGraphBase Digraph; |
---|
788 | |
---|
789 | class Node; |
---|
790 | class Arc; |
---|
791 | class Edge; |
---|
792 | |
---|
793 | class Node { |
---|
794 | friend class ListGraphBase; |
---|
795 | protected: |
---|
796 | |
---|
797 | int id; |
---|
798 | explicit Node(int pid) { id = pid;} |
---|
799 | |
---|
800 | public: |
---|
801 | Node() {} |
---|
802 | Node (Invalid) { id = -1; } |
---|
803 | bool operator==(const Node& node) const {return id == node.id;} |
---|
804 | bool operator!=(const Node& node) const {return id != node.id;} |
---|
805 | bool operator<(const Node& node) const {return id < node.id;} |
---|
806 | }; |
---|
807 | |
---|
808 | class Edge { |
---|
809 | friend class ListGraphBase; |
---|
810 | protected: |
---|
811 | |
---|
812 | int id; |
---|
813 | explicit Edge(int pid) { id = pid;} |
---|
814 | |
---|
815 | public: |
---|
816 | Edge() {} |
---|
817 | Edge (Invalid) { id = -1; } |
---|
818 | bool operator==(const Edge& edge) const {return id == edge.id;} |
---|
819 | bool operator!=(const Edge& edge) const {return id != edge.id;} |
---|
820 | bool operator<(const Edge& edge) const {return id < edge.id;} |
---|
821 | }; |
---|
822 | |
---|
823 | class Arc { |
---|
824 | friend class ListGraphBase; |
---|
825 | protected: |
---|
826 | |
---|
827 | int id; |
---|
828 | explicit Arc(int pid) { id = pid;} |
---|
829 | |
---|
830 | public: |
---|
831 | operator Edge() const { return edgeFromId(id / 2); } |
---|
832 | |
---|
833 | Arc() {} |
---|
834 | Arc (Invalid) { id = -1; } |
---|
835 | bool operator==(const Arc& arc) const {return id == arc.id;} |
---|
836 | bool operator!=(const Arc& arc) const {return id != arc.id;} |
---|
837 | bool operator<(const Arc& arc) const {return id < arc.id;} |
---|
838 | }; |
---|
839 | |
---|
840 | |
---|
841 | |
---|
842 | ListGraphBase() |
---|
843 | : nodes(), first_node(-1), |
---|
844 | first_free_node(-1), arcs(), first_free_arc(-1) {} |
---|
845 | |
---|
846 | |
---|
847 | int maxNodeId() const { return nodes.size()-1; } |
---|
848 | int maxEdgeId() const { return arcs.size() / 2 - 1; } |
---|
849 | int maxArcId() const { return arcs.size()-1; } |
---|
850 | |
---|
851 | Node source(Arc e) const { return Node(arcs[e.id ^ 1].target); } |
---|
852 | Node target(Arc e) const { return Node(arcs[e.id].target); } |
---|
853 | |
---|
854 | Node u(Edge e) const { return Node(arcs[2 * e.id].target); } |
---|
855 | Node v(Edge e) const { return Node(arcs[2 * e.id + 1].target); } |
---|
856 | |
---|
857 | static bool direction(Arc e) { |
---|
858 | return (e.id & 1) == 1; |
---|
859 | } |
---|
860 | |
---|
861 | static Arc direct(Edge e, bool d) { |
---|
862 | return Arc(e.id * 2 + (d ? 1 : 0)); |
---|
863 | } |
---|
864 | |
---|
865 | void first(Node& node) const { |
---|
866 | node.id = first_node; |
---|
867 | } |
---|
868 | |
---|
869 | void next(Node& node) const { |
---|
870 | node.id = nodes[node.id].next; |
---|
871 | } |
---|
872 | |
---|
873 | void first(Arc& e) const { |
---|
874 | int n = first_node; |
---|
875 | while (n != -1 && nodes[n].first_out == -1) { |
---|
876 | n = nodes[n].next; |
---|
877 | } |
---|
878 | e.id = (n == -1) ? -1 : nodes[n].first_out; |
---|
879 | } |
---|
880 | |
---|
881 | void next(Arc& e) const { |
---|
882 | if (arcs[e.id].next_out != -1) { |
---|
883 | e.id = arcs[e.id].next_out; |
---|
884 | } else { |
---|
885 | int n = nodes[arcs[e.id ^ 1].target].next; |
---|
886 | while(n != -1 && nodes[n].first_out == -1) { |
---|
887 | n = nodes[n].next; |
---|
888 | } |
---|
889 | e.id = (n == -1) ? -1 : nodes[n].first_out; |
---|
890 | } |
---|
891 | } |
---|
892 | |
---|
893 | void first(Edge& e) const { |
---|
894 | int n = first_node; |
---|
895 | while (n != -1) { |
---|
896 | e.id = nodes[n].first_out; |
---|
897 | while ((e.id & 1) != 1) { |
---|
898 | e.id = arcs[e.id].next_out; |
---|
899 | } |
---|
900 | if (e.id != -1) { |
---|
901 | e.id /= 2; |
---|
902 | return; |
---|
903 | } |
---|
904 | n = nodes[n].next; |
---|
905 | } |
---|
906 | e.id = -1; |
---|
907 | } |
---|
908 | |
---|
909 | void next(Edge& e) const { |
---|
910 | int n = arcs[e.id * 2].target; |
---|
911 | e.id = arcs[(e.id * 2) | 1].next_out; |
---|
912 | while ((e.id & 1) != 1) { |
---|
913 | e.id = arcs[e.id].next_out; |
---|
914 | } |
---|
915 | if (e.id != -1) { |
---|
916 | e.id /= 2; |
---|
917 | return; |
---|
918 | } |
---|
919 | n = nodes[n].next; |
---|
920 | while (n != -1) { |
---|
921 | e.id = nodes[n].first_out; |
---|
922 | while ((e.id & 1) != 1) { |
---|
923 | e.id = arcs[e.id].next_out; |
---|
924 | } |
---|
925 | if (e.id != -1) { |
---|
926 | e.id /= 2; |
---|
927 | return; |
---|
928 | } |
---|
929 | n = nodes[n].next; |
---|
930 | } |
---|
931 | e.id = -1; |
---|
932 | } |
---|
933 | |
---|
934 | void firstOut(Arc &e, const Node& v) const { |
---|
935 | e.id = nodes[v.id].first_out; |
---|
936 | } |
---|
937 | void nextOut(Arc &e) const { |
---|
938 | e.id = arcs[e.id].next_out; |
---|
939 | } |
---|
940 | |
---|
941 | void firstIn(Arc &e, const Node& v) const { |
---|
942 | e.id = ((nodes[v.id].first_out) ^ 1); |
---|
943 | if (e.id == -2) e.id = -1; |
---|
944 | } |
---|
945 | void nextIn(Arc &e) const { |
---|
946 | e.id = ((arcs[e.id ^ 1].next_out) ^ 1); |
---|
947 | if (e.id == -2) e.id = -1; |
---|
948 | } |
---|
949 | |
---|
950 | void firstInc(Edge &e, bool& d, const Node& v) const { |
---|
951 | int a = nodes[v.id].first_out; |
---|
952 | if (a != -1 ) { |
---|
953 | e.id = a / 2; |
---|
954 | d = ((a & 1) == 1); |
---|
955 | } else { |
---|
956 | e.id = -1; |
---|
957 | d = true; |
---|
958 | } |
---|
959 | } |
---|
960 | void nextInc(Edge &e, bool& d) const { |
---|
961 | int a = (arcs[(e.id * 2) | (d ? 1 : 0)].next_out); |
---|
962 | if (a != -1 ) { |
---|
963 | e.id = a / 2; |
---|
964 | d = ((a & 1) == 1); |
---|
965 | } else { |
---|
966 | e.id = -1; |
---|
967 | d = true; |
---|
968 | } |
---|
969 | } |
---|
970 | |
---|
971 | static int id(Node v) { return v.id; } |
---|
972 | static int id(Arc e) { return e.id; } |
---|
973 | static int id(Edge e) { return e.id; } |
---|
974 | |
---|
975 | static Node nodeFromId(int id) { return Node(id);} |
---|
976 | static Arc arcFromId(int id) { return Arc(id);} |
---|
977 | static Edge edgeFromId(int id) { return Edge(id);} |
---|
978 | |
---|
979 | bool valid(Node n) const { |
---|
980 | return n.id >= 0 && n.id < static_cast<int>(nodes.size()) && |
---|
981 | nodes[n.id].prev != -2; |
---|
982 | } |
---|
983 | |
---|
984 | bool valid(Arc a) const { |
---|
985 | return a.id >= 0 && a.id < static_cast<int>(arcs.size()) && |
---|
986 | arcs[a.id].prev_out != -2; |
---|
987 | } |
---|
988 | |
---|
989 | bool valid(Edge e) const { |
---|
990 | return e.id >= 0 && 2 * e.id < static_cast<int>(arcs.size()) && |
---|
991 | arcs[2 * e.id].prev_out != -2; |
---|
992 | } |
---|
993 | |
---|
994 | Node addNode() { |
---|
995 | int n; |
---|
996 | |
---|
997 | if(first_free_node==-1) { |
---|
998 | n = nodes.size(); |
---|
999 | nodes.push_back(NodeT()); |
---|
1000 | } else { |
---|
1001 | n = first_free_node; |
---|
1002 | first_free_node = nodes[n].next; |
---|
1003 | } |
---|
1004 | |
---|
1005 | nodes[n].next = first_node; |
---|
1006 | if (first_node != -1) nodes[first_node].prev = n; |
---|
1007 | first_node = n; |
---|
1008 | nodes[n].prev = -1; |
---|
1009 | |
---|
1010 | nodes[n].first_out = -1; |
---|
1011 | |
---|
1012 | return Node(n); |
---|
1013 | } |
---|
1014 | |
---|
1015 | Edge addEdge(Node u, Node v) { |
---|
1016 | int n; |
---|
1017 | |
---|
1018 | if (first_free_arc == -1) { |
---|
1019 | n = arcs.size(); |
---|
1020 | arcs.push_back(ArcT()); |
---|
1021 | arcs.push_back(ArcT()); |
---|
1022 | } else { |
---|
1023 | n = first_free_arc; |
---|
1024 | first_free_arc = arcs[n].next_out; |
---|
1025 | } |
---|
1026 | |
---|
1027 | arcs[n].target = u.id; |
---|
1028 | arcs[n | 1].target = v.id; |
---|
1029 | |
---|
1030 | arcs[n].next_out = nodes[v.id].first_out; |
---|
1031 | if (nodes[v.id].first_out != -1) { |
---|
1032 | arcs[nodes[v.id].first_out].prev_out = n; |
---|
1033 | } |
---|
1034 | arcs[n].prev_out = -1; |
---|
1035 | nodes[v.id].first_out = n; |
---|
1036 | |
---|
1037 | arcs[n | 1].next_out = nodes[u.id].first_out; |
---|
1038 | if (nodes[u.id].first_out != -1) { |
---|
1039 | arcs[nodes[u.id].first_out].prev_out = (n | 1); |
---|
1040 | } |
---|
1041 | arcs[n | 1].prev_out = -1; |
---|
1042 | nodes[u.id].first_out = (n | 1); |
---|
1043 | |
---|
1044 | return Edge(n / 2); |
---|
1045 | } |
---|
1046 | |
---|
1047 | void erase(const Node& node) { |
---|
1048 | int n = node.id; |
---|
1049 | |
---|
1050 | if(nodes[n].next != -1) { |
---|
1051 | nodes[nodes[n].next].prev = nodes[n].prev; |
---|
1052 | } |
---|
1053 | |
---|
1054 | if(nodes[n].prev != -1) { |
---|
1055 | nodes[nodes[n].prev].next = nodes[n].next; |
---|
1056 | } else { |
---|
1057 | first_node = nodes[n].next; |
---|
1058 | } |
---|
1059 | |
---|
1060 | nodes[n].next = first_free_node; |
---|
1061 | first_free_node = n; |
---|
1062 | nodes[n].prev = -2; |
---|
1063 | } |
---|
1064 | |
---|
1065 | void erase(const Edge& edge) { |
---|
1066 | int n = edge.id * 2; |
---|
1067 | |
---|
1068 | if (arcs[n].next_out != -1) { |
---|
1069 | arcs[arcs[n].next_out].prev_out = arcs[n].prev_out; |
---|
1070 | } |
---|
1071 | |
---|
1072 | if (arcs[n].prev_out != -1) { |
---|
1073 | arcs[arcs[n].prev_out].next_out = arcs[n].next_out; |
---|
1074 | } else { |
---|
1075 | nodes[arcs[n | 1].target].first_out = arcs[n].next_out; |
---|
1076 | } |
---|
1077 | |
---|
1078 | if (arcs[n | 1].next_out != -1) { |
---|
1079 | arcs[arcs[n | 1].next_out].prev_out = arcs[n | 1].prev_out; |
---|
1080 | } |
---|
1081 | |
---|
1082 | if (arcs[n | 1].prev_out != -1) { |
---|
1083 | arcs[arcs[n | 1].prev_out].next_out = arcs[n | 1].next_out; |
---|
1084 | } else { |
---|
1085 | nodes[arcs[n].target].first_out = arcs[n | 1].next_out; |
---|
1086 | } |
---|
1087 | |
---|
1088 | arcs[n].next_out = first_free_arc; |
---|
1089 | first_free_arc = n; |
---|
1090 | arcs[n].prev_out = -2; |
---|
1091 | arcs[n | 1].prev_out = -2; |
---|
1092 | |
---|
1093 | } |
---|
1094 | |
---|
1095 | void clear() { |
---|
1096 | arcs.clear(); |
---|
1097 | nodes.clear(); |
---|
1098 | first_node = first_free_node = first_free_arc = -1; |
---|
1099 | } |
---|
1100 | |
---|
1101 | protected: |
---|
1102 | |
---|
1103 | void changeTarget(Edge e, Node n) { |
---|
1104 | if(arcs[2 * e.id].next_out != -1) { |
---|
1105 | arcs[arcs[2 * e.id].next_out].prev_out = arcs[2 * e.id].prev_out; |
---|
1106 | } |
---|
1107 | if(arcs[2 * e.id].prev_out != -1) { |
---|
1108 | arcs[arcs[2 * e.id].prev_out].next_out = |
---|
1109 | arcs[2 * e.id].next_out; |
---|
1110 | } else { |
---|
1111 | nodes[arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].target].first_out = |
---|
1112 | arcs[2 * e.id].next_out; |
---|
1113 | } |
---|
1114 | |
---|
1115 | if (nodes[n.id].first_out != -1) { |
---|
1116 | arcs[nodes[n.id].first_out].prev_out = 2 * e.id; |
---|
1117 | } |
---|
1118 | arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].target = n.id; |
---|
1119 | arcs[2 * e.id].prev_out = -1; |
---|
1120 | arcs[2 * e.id].next_out = nodes[n.id].first_out; |
---|
1121 | nodes[n.id].first_out = 2 * e.id; |
---|
1122 | } |
---|
1123 | |
---|
1124 | void changeSource(Edge e, Node n) { |
---|
1125 | if(arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].next_out != -1) { |
---|
1126 | arcs[arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].next_out].prev_out = |
---|
1127 | arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].prev_out; |
---|
1128 | } |
---|
1129 | if(arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].prev_out != -1) { |
---|
1130 | arcs[arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].prev_out].next_out = |
---|
1131 | arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].next_out; |
---|
1132 | } else { |
---|
1133 | nodes[arcs[2 * e.id].target].first_out = |
---|
1134 | arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].next_out; |
---|
1135 | } |
---|
1136 | |
---|
1137 | if (nodes[n.id].first_out != -1) { |
---|
1138 | arcs[nodes[n.id].first_out].prev_out = ((2 * e.id) | 1); |
---|
1139 | } |
---|
1140 | arcs[2 * e.id].target = n.id; |
---|
1141 | arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].prev_out = -1; |
---|
1142 | arcs[(2 * e.id) | 1].next_out = nodes[n.id].first_out; |
---|
1143 | nodes[n.id].first_out = ((2 * e.id) | 1); |
---|
1144 | } |
---|
1145 | |
---|
1146 | }; |
---|
1147 | |
---|
1148 | typedef GraphExtender<ListGraphBase> ExtendedListGraphBase; |
---|
1149 | |
---|
1150 | |
---|
1151 | /// \addtogroup graphs |
---|
1152 | /// @{ |
---|
1153 | |
---|
1154 | ///A general undirected graph structure. |
---|
1155 | |
---|
1156 | ///\ref ListGraph is a simple and fast <em>undirected graph</em> |
---|
1157 | ///implementation based on static linked lists that are stored in |
---|
1158 | ///\c std::vector structures. |
---|
1159 | /// |
---|
1160 | ///It conforms to the \ref concepts::Graph "Graph concept" and it |
---|
1161 | ///also provides several useful additional functionalities. |
---|
1162 | ///Most of the member functions and nested classes are documented |
---|
1163 | ///only in the concept class. |
---|
1164 | /// |
---|
1165 | ///An important extra feature of this graph implementation is that |
---|
1166 | ///its maps are real \ref concepts::ReferenceMap "reference map"s. |
---|
1167 | /// |
---|
1168 | ///\sa concepts::Graph |
---|
1169 | |
---|
1170 | class ListGraph : public ExtendedListGraphBase { |
---|
1171 | private: |
---|
1172 | ///ListGraph is \e not copy constructible. Use copyGraph() instead. |
---|
1173 | |
---|
1174 | ///ListGraph is \e not copy constructible. Use copyGraph() instead. |
---|
1175 | /// |
---|
1176 | ListGraph(const ListGraph &) :ExtendedListGraphBase() {}; |
---|
1177 | ///\brief Assignment of ListGraph to another one is \e not allowed. |
---|
1178 | ///Use copyGraph() instead. |
---|
1179 | |
---|
1180 | ///Assignment of ListGraph to another one is \e not allowed. |
---|
1181 | ///Use copyGraph() instead. |
---|
1182 | void operator=(const ListGraph &) {} |
---|
1183 | public: |
---|
1184 | /// Constructor |
---|
1185 | |
---|
1186 | /// Constructor. |
---|
1187 | /// |
---|
1188 | ListGraph() {} |
---|
1189 | |
---|
1190 | typedef ExtendedListGraphBase Parent; |
---|
1191 | |
---|
1192 | typedef Parent::OutArcIt IncEdgeIt; |
---|
1193 | |
---|
1194 | /// \brief Add a new node to the graph. |
---|
1195 | /// |
---|
1196 | /// Add a new node to the graph. |
---|
1197 | /// \return the new node. |
---|
1198 | Node addNode() { return Parent::addNode(); } |
---|
1199 | |
---|
1200 | /// \brief Add a new edge to the graph. |
---|
1201 | /// |
---|
1202 | /// Add a new edge to the graph with source node \c s |
---|
1203 | /// and target node \c t. |
---|
1204 | /// \return the new edge. |
---|
1205 | Edge addEdge(const Node& s, const Node& t) { |
---|
1206 | return Parent::addEdge(s, t); |
---|
1207 | } |
---|
1208 | /// Node validity check |
---|
1209 | |
---|
1210 | /// This function gives back true if the given node is valid, |
---|
1211 | /// ie. it is a real node of the graph. |
---|
1212 | /// |
---|
1213 | /// \warning A Node pointing to a removed item |
---|
1214 | /// could become valid again later if new nodes are |
---|
1215 | /// added to the graph. |
---|
1216 | bool valid(Node n) const { return Parent::valid(n); } |
---|
1217 | /// Arc validity check |
---|
1218 | |
---|
1219 | /// This function gives back true if the given arc is valid, |
---|
1220 | /// ie. it is a real arc of the graph. |
---|
1221 | /// |
---|
1222 | /// \warning An Arc pointing to a removed item |
---|
1223 | /// could become valid again later if new edges are |
---|
1224 | /// added to the graph. |
---|
1225 | bool valid(Arc a) const { return Parent::valid(a); } |
---|
1226 | /// Edge validity check |
---|
1227 | |
---|
1228 | /// This function gives back true if the given edge is valid, |
---|
1229 | /// ie. it is a real arc of the graph. |
---|
1230 | /// |
---|
1231 | /// \warning A Edge pointing to a removed item |
---|
1232 | /// could become valid again later if new edges are |
---|
1233 | /// added to the graph. |
---|
1234 | bool valid(Edge e) const { return Parent::valid(e); } |
---|
1235 | /// \brief Change the source of \c e to \c n |
---|
1236 | /// |
---|
1237 | /// This function changes the source of \c e to \c n. |
---|
1238 | /// |
---|
1239 | ///\note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s and <tt>InArcIt</tt>s |
---|
1240 | ///referencing the changed arc remain |
---|
1241 | ///valid. However <tt>OutArcIt</tt>s are invalidated. |
---|
1242 | /// |
---|
1243 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the |
---|
1244 | ///Snapshot feature. |
---|
1245 | void changeSource(Edge e, Node n) { |
---|
1246 | Parent::changeSource(e,n); |
---|
1247 | } |
---|
1248 | /// \brief Change the target of \c e to \c n |
---|
1249 | /// |
---|
1250 | /// This function changes the target of \c e to \c n. |
---|
1251 | /// |
---|
1252 | /// \note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s referencing the changed arc remain |
---|
1253 | /// valid. However the other iterators may be invalidated. |
---|
1254 | /// |
---|
1255 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the |
---|
1256 | ///Snapshot feature. |
---|
1257 | void changeTarget(Edge e, Node n) { |
---|
1258 | Parent::changeTarget(e,n); |
---|
1259 | } |
---|
1260 | /// \brief Change the source of \c e to \c n |
---|
1261 | /// |
---|
1262 | /// This function changes the source of \c e to \c n. |
---|
1263 | /// It also changes the proper node of the represented edge. |
---|
1264 | /// |
---|
1265 | ///\note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s and <tt>InArcIt</tt>s |
---|
1266 | ///referencing the changed arc remain |
---|
1267 | ///valid. However <tt>OutArcIt</tt>s are invalidated. |
---|
1268 | /// |
---|
1269 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the |
---|
1270 | ///Snapshot feature. |
---|
1271 | void changeSource(Arc e, Node n) { |
---|
1272 | if (Parent::direction(e)) { |
---|
1273 | Parent::changeSource(e,n); |
---|
1274 | } else { |
---|
1275 | Parent::changeTarget(e,n); |
---|
1276 | } |
---|
1277 | } |
---|
1278 | /// \brief Change the target of \c e to \c n |
---|
1279 | /// |
---|
1280 | /// This function changes the target of \c e to \c n. |
---|
1281 | /// It also changes the proper node of the represented edge. |
---|
1282 | /// |
---|
1283 | ///\note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s and <tt>OutArcIt</tt>s |
---|
1284 | ///referencing the changed arc remain |
---|
1285 | ///valid. However <tt>InArcIt</tt>s are invalidated. |
---|
1286 | /// |
---|
1287 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the |
---|
1288 | ///Snapshot feature. |
---|
1289 | void changeTarget(Arc e, Node n) { |
---|
1290 | if (Parent::direction(e)) { |
---|
1291 | Parent::changeTarget(e,n); |
---|
1292 | } else { |
---|
1293 | Parent::changeSource(e,n); |
---|
1294 | } |
---|
1295 | } |
---|
1296 | /// \brief Contract two nodes. |
---|
1297 | /// |
---|
1298 | /// This function contracts two nodes. |
---|
1299 | /// Node \p b will be removed but instead of deleting |
---|
1300 | /// its neighboring arcs, they will be joined to \p a. |
---|
1301 | /// The last parameter \p r controls whether to remove loops. \c true |
---|
1302 | /// means that loops will be removed. |
---|
1303 | /// |
---|
1304 | /// \note The <tt>ArcIt</tt>s referencing a moved arc remain |
---|
1305 | /// valid. |
---|
1306 | /// |
---|
1307 | ///\warning This functionality cannot be used together with the |
---|
1308 | ///Snapshot feature. |
---|
1309 | void contract(Node a, Node b, bool r = true) { |
---|
1310 | for(IncEdgeIt e(*this, b); e!=INVALID;) { |
---|
1311 | IncEdgeIt f = e; ++f; |
---|
1312 | if (r && runningNode(e) == a) { |
---|
1313 | erase(e); |
---|
1314 | } else if (source(e) == b) { |
---|
1315 | changeSource(e, a); |
---|
1316 | } else { |
---|
1317 | changeTarget(e, a); |
---|
1318 | } |
---|
1319 | e = f; |
---|
1320 | } |
---|
1321 | erase(b); |
---|
1322 | } |
---|
1323 | |
---|
1324 | |
---|
1325 | /// \brief Class to make a snapshot of the graph and restore |
---|
1326 | /// it later. |
---|
1327 | /// |
---|
1328 | /// Class to make a snapshot of the graph and restore it later. |
---|
1329 | /// |
---|
1330 | /// The newly added nodes and edges can be removed |
---|
1331 | /// using the restore() function. |
---|
1332 | /// |
---|
1333 | /// \warning Edge and node deletions and other modifications |
---|
1334 | /// (e.g. changing nodes of edges, contracting nodes) cannot be |
---|
1335 | /// restored. These events invalidate the snapshot. |
---|
1336 | class Snapshot { |
---|
1337 | protected: |
---|
1338 | |
---|
1339 | typedef Parent::NodeNotifier NodeNotifier; |
---|
1340 | |
---|
1341 | class NodeObserverProxy : public NodeNotifier::ObserverBase { |
---|
1342 | public: |
---|
1343 | |
---|
1344 | NodeObserverProxy(Snapshot& _snapshot) |
---|
1345 | : snapshot(_snapshot) {} |
---|
1346 | |
---|
1347 | using NodeNotifier::ObserverBase::attach; |
---|
1348 | using NodeNotifier::ObserverBase::detach; |
---|
1349 | using NodeNotifier::ObserverBase::attached; |
---|
1350 | |
---|
1351 | protected: |
---|
1352 | |
---|
1353 | virtual void add(const Node& node) { |
---|
1354 | snapshot.addNode(node); |
---|
1355 | } |
---|
1356 | virtual void add(const std::vector<Node>& nodes) { |
---|
1357 | for (int i = nodes.size() - 1; i >= 0; ++i) { |
---|
1358 | snapshot.addNode(nodes[i]); |
---|
1359 | } |
---|
1360 | } |
---|
1361 | virtual void erase(const Node& node) { |
---|
1362 | snapshot.eraseNode(node); |
---|
1363 | } |
---|
1364 | virtual void erase(const std::vector<Node>& nodes) { |
---|
1365 | for (int i = 0; i < int(nodes.size()); ++i) { |
---|
1366 | snapshot.eraseNode(nodes[i]); |
---|
1367 | } |
---|
1368 | } |
---|
1369 | virtual void build() { |
---|
1370 | Node node; |
---|
1371 | std::vector<Node> nodes; |
---|
1372 | for (notifier()->first(node); node != INVALID; |
---|
1373 | notifier()->next(node)) { |
---|
1374 | nodes.push_back(node); |
---|
1375 | } |
---|
1376 | for (int i = nodes.size() - 1; i >= 0; --i) { |
---|
1377 | snapshot.addNode(nodes[i]); |
---|
1378 | } |
---|
1379 | } |
---|
1380 | virtual void clear() { |
---|
1381 | Node node; |
---|
1382 | for (notifier()->first(node); node != INVALID; |
---|
1383 | notifier()->next(node)) { |
---|
1384 | snapshot.eraseNode(node); |
---|
1385 | } |
---|
1386 | } |
---|
1387 | |
---|
1388 | Snapshot& snapshot; |
---|
1389 | }; |
---|
1390 | |
---|
1391 | class EdgeObserverProxy : public EdgeNotifier::ObserverBase { |
---|
1392 | public: |
---|
1393 | |
---|
1394 | EdgeObserverProxy(Snapshot& _snapshot) |
---|
1395 | : snapshot(_snapshot) {} |
---|
1396 | |
---|
1397 | using EdgeNotifier::ObserverBase::attach; |
---|
1398 | using EdgeNotifier::ObserverBase::detach; |
---|
1399 | using EdgeNotifier::ObserverBase::attached; |
---|
1400 | |
---|
1401 | protected: |
---|
1402 | |
---|
1403 | virtual void add(const Edge& edge) { |
---|
1404 | snapshot.addEdge(edge); |
---|
1405 | } |
---|
1406 | virtual void add(const std::vector<Edge>& edges) { |
---|
1407 | for (int i = edges.size() - 1; i >= 0; ++i) { |
---|
1408 | snapshot.addEdge(edges[i]); |
---|
1409 | } |
---|
1410 | } |
---|
1411 | virtual void erase(const Edge& edge) { |
---|
1412 | snapshot.eraseEdge(edge); |
---|
1413 | } |
---|
1414 | virtual void erase(const std::vector<Edge>& edges) { |
---|
1415 | for (int i = 0; i < int(edges.size()); ++i) { |
---|
1416 | snapshot.eraseEdge(edges[i]); |
---|
1417 | } |
---|
1418 | } |
---|
1419 | virtual void build() { |
---|
1420 | Edge edge; |
---|
1421 | std::vector<Edge> edges; |
---|
1422 | for (notifier()->first(edge); edge != INVALID; |
---|
1423 | notifier()->next(edge)) { |
---|
1424 | edges.push_back(edge); |
---|
1425 | } |
---|
1426 | for (int i = edges.size() - 1; i >= 0; --i) { |
---|
1427 | snapshot.addEdge(edges[i]); |
---|
1428 | } |
---|
1429 | } |
---|
1430 | virtual void clear() { |
---|
1431 | Edge edge; |
---|
1432 | for (notifier()->first(edge); edge != INVALID; |
---|
1433 | notifier()->next(edge)) { |
---|
1434 | snapshot.eraseEdge(edge); |
---|
1435 | } |
---|
1436 | } |
---|
1437 | |
---|
1438 | Snapshot& snapshot; |
---|
1439 | }; |
---|
1440 | |
---|
1441 | ListGraph *graph; |
---|
1442 | |
---|
1443 | NodeObserverProxy node_observer_proxy; |
---|
1444 | EdgeObserverProxy edge_observer_proxy; |
---|
1445 | |
---|
1446 | std::list<Node> added_nodes; |
---|
1447 | std::list<Edge> added_edges; |
---|
1448 | |
---|
1449 | |
---|
1450 | void addNode(const Node& node) { |
---|
1451 | added_nodes.push_front(node); |
---|
1452 | } |
---|
1453 | void eraseNode(const Node& node) { |
---|
1454 | std::list<Node>::iterator it = |
---|
1455 | std::find(added_nodes.begin(), added_nodes.end(), node); |
---|
1456 | if (it == added_nodes.end()) { |
---|
1457 | clear(); |
---|
1458 | edge_observer_proxy.detach(); |
---|
1459 | throw NodeNotifier::ImmediateDetach(); |
---|
1460 | } else { |
---|
1461 | added_nodes.erase(it); |
---|
1462 | } |
---|
1463 | } |
---|
1464 | |
---|
1465 | void addEdge(const Edge& edge) { |
---|
1466 | added_edges.push_front(edge); |
---|
1467 | } |
---|
1468 | void eraseEdge(const Edge& edge) { |
---|
1469 | std::list<Edge>::iterator it = |
---|
1470 | std::find(added_edges.begin(), added_edges.end(), edge); |
---|
1471 | if (it == added_edges.end()) { |
---|
1472 | clear(); |
---|
1473 | node_observer_proxy.detach(); |
---|
1474 | throw EdgeNotifier::ImmediateDetach(); |
---|
1475 | } else { |
---|
1476 | added_edges.erase(it); |
---|
1477 | } |
---|
1478 | } |
---|
1479 | |
---|
1480 | void attach(ListGraph &_graph) { |
---|
1481 | graph = &_graph; |
---|
1482 | node_observer_proxy.attach(graph->notifier(Node())); |
---|
1483 | edge_observer_proxy.attach(graph->notifier(Edge())); |
---|
1484 | } |
---|
1485 | |
---|
1486 | void detach() { |
---|
1487 | node_observer_proxy.detach(); |
---|
1488 | edge_observer_proxy.detach(); |
---|
1489 | } |
---|
1490 | |
---|
1491 | bool attached() const { |
---|
1492 | return node_observer_proxy.attached(); |
---|
1493 | } |
---|
1494 | |
---|
1495 | void clear() { |
---|
1496 | added_nodes.clear(); |
---|
1497 | added_edges.clear(); |
---|
1498 | } |
---|
1499 | |
---|
1500 | public: |
---|
1501 | |
---|
1502 | /// \brief Default constructor. |
---|
1503 | /// |
---|
1504 | /// Default constructor. |
---|
1505 | /// To actually make a snapshot you must call save(). |
---|
1506 | Snapshot() |
---|
1507 | : graph(0), node_observer_proxy(*this), |
---|
1508 | edge_observer_proxy(*this) {} |
---|
1509 | |
---|
1510 | /// \brief Constructor that immediately makes a snapshot. |
---|
1511 | /// |
---|
1512 | /// This constructor immediately makes a snapshot of the graph. |
---|
1513 | /// \param _graph The graph we make a snapshot of. |
---|
1514 | Snapshot(ListGraph &_graph) |
---|
1515 | : node_observer_proxy(*this), |
---|
1516 | edge_observer_proxy(*this) { |
---|
1517 | attach(_graph); |
---|
1518 | } |
---|
1519 | |
---|
1520 | /// \brief Make a snapshot. |
---|
1521 | /// |
---|
1522 | /// Make a snapshot of the graph. |
---|
1523 | /// |
---|
1524 | /// This function can be called more than once. In case of a repeated |
---|
1525 | /// call, the previous snapshot gets lost. |
---|
1526 | /// \param _graph The graph we make the snapshot of. |
---|
1527 | void save(ListGraph &_graph) { |
---|
1528 | if (attached()) { |
---|
1529 | detach(); |
---|
1530 | clear(); |
---|
1531 | } |
---|
1532 | attach(_graph); |
---|
1533 | } |
---|
1534 | |
---|
1535 | /// \brief Undo the changes until the last snapshot. |
---|
1536 | // |
---|
1537 | /// Undo the changes until the last snapshot created by save(). |
---|
1538 | void restore() { |
---|
1539 | detach(); |
---|
1540 | for(std::list<Edge>::iterator it = added_edges.begin(); |
---|
1541 | it != added_edges.end(); ++it) { |
---|
1542 | graph->erase(*it); |
---|
1543 | } |
---|
1544 | for(std::list<Node>::iterator it = added_nodes.begin(); |
---|
1545 | it != added_nodes.end(); ++it) { |
---|
1546 | graph->erase(*it); |
---|
1547 | } |
---|
1548 | clear(); |
---|
1549 | } |
---|
1550 | |
---|
1551 | /// \brief Gives back true when the snapshot is valid. |
---|
1552 | /// |
---|
1553 | /// Gives back true when the snapshot is valid. |
---|
1554 | bool valid() const { |
---|
1555 | return attached(); |
---|
1556 | } |
---|
1557 | }; |
---|
1558 | }; |
---|
1559 | |
---|
1560 | /// @} |
---|
1561 | } //namespace lemon |
---|
1562 | |
---|
1563 | |
---|
1564 | #endif |
---|