1 | /* -*- mode: C++; indent-tabs-mode: nil; -*- |
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2 | * |
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3 | * This file is a part of LEMON, a generic C++ optimization library. |
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4 | * |
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5 | * Copyright (C) 2003-2010 |
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6 | * Egervary Jeno Kombinatorikus Optimalizalasi Kutatocsoport |
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7 | * (Egervary Research Group on Combinatorial Optimization, EGRES). |
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8 | * |
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9 | * Permission to use, modify and distribute this software is granted |
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10 | * provided that this copyright notice appears in all copies. For |
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11 | * precise terms see the accompanying LICENSE file. |
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12 | * |
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13 | * This software is provided "AS IS" with no warranty of any kind, |
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14 | * express or implied, and with no claim as to its suitability for any |
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15 | * purpose. |
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16 | * |
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17 | */ |
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18 | |
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19 | #ifndef LEMON_CONCEPTS_DIGRAPH_H |
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20 | #define LEMON_CONCEPTS_DIGRAPH_H |
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21 | |
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22 | ///\ingroup graph_concepts |
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23 | ///\file |
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24 | ///\brief The concept of directed graphs. |
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25 | |
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26 | #include <lemon/core.h> |
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27 | #include <lemon/concepts/maps.h> |
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28 | #include <lemon/concept_check.h> |
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29 | #include <lemon/concepts/graph_components.h> |
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30 | |
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31 | namespace lemon { |
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32 | namespace concepts { |
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33 | |
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34 | /// \ingroup graph_concepts |
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35 | /// |
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36 | /// \brief Class describing the concept of directed graphs. |
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37 | /// |
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38 | /// This class describes the common interface of all directed |
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39 | /// graphs (digraphs). |
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40 | /// |
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41 | /// Like all concept classes, it only provides an interface |
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42 | /// without any sensible implementation. So any general algorithm for |
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43 | /// directed graphs should compile with this class, but it will not |
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44 | /// run properly, of course. |
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45 | /// An actual digraph implementation like \ref ListDigraph or |
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46 | /// \ref SmartDigraph may have additional functionality. |
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47 | /// |
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48 | /// \sa Graph |
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49 | class Digraph { |
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50 | private: |
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51 | /// Diraphs are \e not copy constructible. Use DigraphCopy instead. |
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52 | Digraph(const Digraph &) {} |
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53 | /// \brief Assignment of a digraph to another one is \e not allowed. |
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54 | /// Use DigraphCopy instead. |
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55 | void operator=(const Digraph &) {} |
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56 | |
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57 | public: |
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58 | /// Default constructor. |
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59 | Digraph() { } |
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60 | |
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61 | /// The node type of the digraph |
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62 | |
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63 | /// This class identifies a node of the digraph. It also serves |
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64 | /// as a base class of the node iterators, |
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65 | /// thus they convert to this type. |
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66 | class Node { |
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67 | public: |
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68 | /// Default constructor |
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69 | |
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70 | /// Default constructor. |
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71 | /// \warning It sets the object to an undefined value. |
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72 | Node() { } |
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73 | /// Copy constructor. |
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74 | |
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75 | /// Copy constructor. |
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76 | /// |
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77 | Node(const Node&) { } |
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78 | |
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79 | /// %Invalid constructor \& conversion. |
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80 | |
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81 | /// Initializes the object to be invalid. |
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82 | /// \sa Invalid for more details. |
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83 | Node(Invalid) { } |
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84 | /// Equality operator |
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85 | |
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86 | /// Equality operator. |
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87 | /// |
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88 | /// Two iterators are equal if and only if they point to the |
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89 | /// same object or both are \c INVALID. |
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90 | bool operator==(Node) const { return true; } |
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91 | |
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92 | /// Inequality operator |
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93 | |
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94 | /// Inequality operator. |
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95 | bool operator!=(Node) const { return true; } |
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96 | |
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97 | /// Artificial ordering operator. |
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98 | |
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99 | /// Artificial ordering operator. |
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100 | /// |
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101 | /// \note This operator only has to define some strict ordering of |
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102 | /// the nodes; this order has nothing to do with the iteration |
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103 | /// ordering of the nodes. |
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104 | bool operator<(Node) const { return false; } |
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105 | }; |
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106 | |
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107 | /// Iterator class for the nodes. |
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108 | |
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109 | /// This iterator goes through each node of the digraph. |
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110 | /// Its usage is quite simple, for example, you can count the number |
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111 | /// of nodes in a digraph \c g of type \c %Digraph like this: |
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112 | ///\code |
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113 | /// int count=0; |
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114 | /// for (Digraph::NodeIt n(g); n!=INVALID; ++n) ++count; |
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115 | ///\endcode |
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116 | class NodeIt : public Node { |
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117 | public: |
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118 | /// Default constructor |
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119 | |
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120 | /// Default constructor. |
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121 | /// \warning It sets the iterator to an undefined value. |
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122 | NodeIt() { } |
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123 | /// Copy constructor. |
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124 | |
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125 | /// Copy constructor. |
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126 | /// |
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127 | NodeIt(const NodeIt& n) : Node(n) { } |
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128 | /// %Invalid constructor \& conversion. |
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129 | |
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130 | /// Initializes the iterator to be invalid. |
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131 | /// \sa Invalid for more details. |
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132 | NodeIt(Invalid) { } |
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133 | /// Sets the iterator to the first node. |
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134 | |
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135 | /// Sets the iterator to the first node of the given digraph. |
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136 | /// |
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137 | explicit NodeIt(const Digraph&) { } |
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138 | /// Sets the iterator to the given node. |
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139 | |
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140 | /// Sets the iterator to the given node of the given digraph. |
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141 | /// |
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142 | NodeIt(const Digraph&, const Node&) { } |
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143 | /// Next node. |
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144 | |
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145 | /// Assign the iterator to the next node. |
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146 | /// |
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147 | NodeIt& operator++() { return *this; } |
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148 | }; |
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149 | |
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150 | |
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151 | /// The arc type of the digraph |
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152 | |
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153 | /// This class identifies an arc of the digraph. It also serves |
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154 | /// as a base class of the arc iterators, |
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155 | /// thus they will convert to this type. |
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156 | class Arc { |
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157 | public: |
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158 | /// Default constructor |
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159 | |
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160 | /// Default constructor. |
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161 | /// \warning It sets the object to an undefined value. |
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162 | Arc() { } |
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163 | /// Copy constructor. |
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164 | |
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165 | /// Copy constructor. |
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166 | /// |
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167 | Arc(const Arc&) { } |
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168 | /// %Invalid constructor \& conversion. |
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169 | |
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170 | /// Initializes the object to be invalid. |
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171 | /// \sa Invalid for more details. |
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172 | Arc(Invalid) { } |
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173 | /// Equality operator |
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174 | |
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175 | /// Equality operator. |
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176 | /// |
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177 | /// Two iterators are equal if and only if they point to the |
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178 | /// same object or both are \c INVALID. |
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179 | bool operator==(Arc) const { return true; } |
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180 | /// Inequality operator |
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181 | |
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182 | /// Inequality operator. |
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183 | bool operator!=(Arc) const { return true; } |
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184 | |
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185 | /// Artificial ordering operator. |
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186 | |
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187 | /// Artificial ordering operator. |
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188 | /// |
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189 | /// \note This operator only has to define some strict ordering of |
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190 | /// the arcs; this order has nothing to do with the iteration |
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191 | /// ordering of the arcs. |
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192 | bool operator<(Arc) const { return false; } |
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193 | }; |
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194 | |
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195 | /// Iterator class for the outgoing arcs of a node. |
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196 | |
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197 | /// This iterator goes trough the \e outgoing arcs of a certain node |
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198 | /// of a digraph. |
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199 | /// Its usage is quite simple, for example, you can count the number |
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200 | /// of outgoing arcs of a node \c n |
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201 | /// in a digraph \c g of type \c %Digraph as follows. |
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202 | ///\code |
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203 | /// int count=0; |
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204 | /// for (Digraph::OutArcIt a(g, n); a!=INVALID; ++a) ++count; |
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205 | ///\endcode |
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206 | class OutArcIt : public Arc { |
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207 | public: |
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208 | /// Default constructor |
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209 | |
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210 | /// Default constructor. |
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211 | /// \warning It sets the iterator to an undefined value. |
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212 | OutArcIt() { } |
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213 | /// Copy constructor. |
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214 | |
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215 | /// Copy constructor. |
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216 | /// |
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217 | OutArcIt(const OutArcIt& e) : Arc(e) { } |
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218 | /// %Invalid constructor \& conversion. |
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219 | |
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220 | /// Initializes the iterator to be invalid. |
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221 | /// \sa Invalid for more details. |
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222 | OutArcIt(Invalid) { } |
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223 | /// Sets the iterator to the first outgoing arc. |
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224 | |
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225 | /// Sets the iterator to the first outgoing arc of the given node. |
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226 | /// |
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227 | OutArcIt(const Digraph&, const Node&) { } |
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228 | /// Sets the iterator to the given arc. |
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229 | |
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230 | /// Sets the iterator to the given arc of the given digraph. |
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231 | /// |
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232 | OutArcIt(const Digraph&, const Arc&) { } |
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233 | /// Next outgoing arc |
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234 | |
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235 | /// Assign the iterator to the next |
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236 | /// outgoing arc of the corresponding node. |
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237 | OutArcIt& operator++() { return *this; } |
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238 | }; |
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239 | |
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240 | /// Iterator class for the incoming arcs of a node. |
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241 | |
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242 | /// This iterator goes trough the \e incoming arcs of a certain node |
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243 | /// of a digraph. |
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244 | /// Its usage is quite simple, for example, you can count the number |
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245 | /// of incoming arcs of a node \c n |
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246 | /// in a digraph \c g of type \c %Digraph as follows. |
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247 | ///\code |
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248 | /// int count=0; |
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249 | /// for(Digraph::InArcIt a(g, n); a!=INVALID; ++a) ++count; |
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250 | ///\endcode |
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251 | class InArcIt : public Arc { |
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252 | public: |
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253 | /// Default constructor |
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254 | |
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255 | /// Default constructor. |
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256 | /// \warning It sets the iterator to an undefined value. |
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257 | InArcIt() { } |
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258 | /// Copy constructor. |
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259 | |
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260 | /// Copy constructor. |
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261 | /// |
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262 | InArcIt(const InArcIt& e) : Arc(e) { } |
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263 | /// %Invalid constructor \& conversion. |
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264 | |
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265 | /// Initializes the iterator to be invalid. |
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266 | /// \sa Invalid for more details. |
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267 | InArcIt(Invalid) { } |
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268 | /// Sets the iterator to the first incoming arc. |
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269 | |
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270 | /// Sets the iterator to the first incoming arc of the given node. |
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271 | /// |
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272 | InArcIt(const Digraph&, const Node&) { } |
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273 | /// Sets the iterator to the given arc. |
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274 | |
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275 | /// Sets the iterator to the given arc of the given digraph. |
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276 | /// |
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277 | InArcIt(const Digraph&, const Arc&) { } |
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278 | /// Next incoming arc |
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279 | |
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280 | /// Assign the iterator to the next |
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281 | /// incoming arc of the corresponding node. |
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282 | InArcIt& operator++() { return *this; } |
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283 | }; |
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284 | |
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285 | /// Iterator class for the arcs. |
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286 | |
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287 | /// This iterator goes through each arc of the digraph. |
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288 | /// Its usage is quite simple, for example, you can count the number |
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289 | /// of arcs in a digraph \c g of type \c %Digraph as follows: |
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290 | ///\code |
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291 | /// int count=0; |
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292 | /// for(Digraph::ArcIt a(g); a!=INVALID; ++a) ++count; |
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293 | ///\endcode |
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294 | class ArcIt : public Arc { |
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295 | public: |
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296 | /// Default constructor |
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297 | |
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298 | /// Default constructor. |
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299 | /// \warning It sets the iterator to an undefined value. |
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300 | ArcIt() { } |
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301 | /// Copy constructor. |
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302 | |
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303 | /// Copy constructor. |
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304 | /// |
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305 | ArcIt(const ArcIt& e) : Arc(e) { } |
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306 | /// %Invalid constructor \& conversion. |
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307 | |
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308 | /// Initializes the iterator to be invalid. |
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309 | /// \sa Invalid for more details. |
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310 | ArcIt(Invalid) { } |
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311 | /// Sets the iterator to the first arc. |
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312 | |
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313 | /// Sets the iterator to the first arc of the given digraph. |
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314 | /// |
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315 | explicit ArcIt(const Digraph& g) { ::lemon::ignore_unused_variable_warning(g); } |
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316 | /// Sets the iterator to the given arc. |
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317 | |
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318 | /// Sets the iterator to the given arc of the given digraph. |
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319 | /// |
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320 | ArcIt(const Digraph&, const Arc&) { } |
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321 | /// Next arc |
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322 | |
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323 | /// Assign the iterator to the next arc. |
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324 | /// |
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325 | ArcIt& operator++() { return *this; } |
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326 | }; |
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327 | |
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328 | /// \brief The source node of the arc. |
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329 | /// |
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330 | /// Returns the source node of the given arc. |
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331 | Node source(Arc) const { return INVALID; } |
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332 | |
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333 | /// \brief The target node of the arc. |
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334 | /// |
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335 | /// Returns the target node of the given arc. |
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336 | Node target(Arc) const { return INVALID; } |
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337 | |
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338 | /// \brief The ID of the node. |
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339 | /// |
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340 | /// Returns the ID of the given node. |
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341 | int id(Node) const { return -1; } |
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342 | |
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343 | /// \brief The ID of the arc. |
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344 | /// |
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345 | /// Returns the ID of the given arc. |
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346 | int id(Arc) const { return -1; } |
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347 | |
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348 | /// \brief The node with the given ID. |
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349 | /// |
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350 | /// Returns the node with the given ID. |
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351 | /// \pre The argument should be a valid node ID in the digraph. |
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352 | Node nodeFromId(int) const { return INVALID; } |
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353 | |
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354 | /// \brief The arc with the given ID. |
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355 | /// |
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356 | /// Returns the arc with the given ID. |
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357 | /// \pre The argument should be a valid arc ID in the digraph. |
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358 | Arc arcFromId(int) const { return INVALID; } |
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359 | |
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360 | /// \brief An upper bound on the node IDs. |
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361 | /// |
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362 | /// Returns an upper bound on the node IDs. |
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363 | int maxNodeId() const { return -1; } |
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364 | |
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365 | /// \brief An upper bound on the arc IDs. |
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366 | /// |
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367 | /// Returns an upper bound on the arc IDs. |
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368 | int maxArcId() const { return -1; } |
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369 | |
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370 | void first(Node&) const {} |
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371 | void next(Node&) const {} |
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372 | |
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373 | void first(Arc&) const {} |
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374 | void next(Arc&) const {} |
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375 | |
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376 | |
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377 | void firstIn(Arc&, const Node&) const {} |
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378 | void nextIn(Arc&) const {} |
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379 | |
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380 | void firstOut(Arc&, const Node&) const {} |
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381 | void nextOut(Arc&) const {} |
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382 | |
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383 | // The second parameter is dummy. |
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384 | Node fromId(int, Node) const { return INVALID; } |
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385 | // The second parameter is dummy. |
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386 | Arc fromId(int, Arc) const { return INVALID; } |
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387 | |
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388 | // Dummy parameter. |
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389 | int maxId(Node) const { return -1; } |
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390 | // Dummy parameter. |
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391 | int maxId(Arc) const { return -1; } |
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392 | |
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393 | /// \brief The opposite node on the arc. |
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394 | /// |
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395 | /// Returns the opposite node on the given arc. |
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396 | Node oppositeNode(Node, Arc) const { return INVALID; } |
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397 | |
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398 | /// \brief The base node of the iterator. |
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399 | /// |
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400 | /// Returns the base node of the given outgoing arc iterator |
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401 | /// (i.e. the source node of the corresponding arc). |
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402 | Node baseNode(OutArcIt) const { return INVALID; } |
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403 | |
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404 | /// \brief The running node of the iterator. |
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405 | /// |
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406 | /// Returns the running node of the given outgoing arc iterator |
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407 | /// (i.e. the target node of the corresponding arc). |
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408 | Node runningNode(OutArcIt) const { return INVALID; } |
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409 | |
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410 | /// \brief The base node of the iterator. |
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411 | /// |
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412 | /// Returns the base node of the given incoming arc iterator |
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413 | /// (i.e. the target node of the corresponding arc). |
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414 | Node baseNode(InArcIt) const { return INVALID; } |
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415 | |
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416 | /// \brief The running node of the iterator. |
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417 | /// |
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418 | /// Returns the running node of the given incoming arc iterator |
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419 | /// (i.e. the source node of the corresponding arc). |
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420 | Node runningNode(InArcIt) const { return INVALID; } |
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421 | |
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422 | /// \brief Standard graph map type for the nodes. |
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423 | /// |
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424 | /// Standard graph map type for the nodes. |
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425 | /// It conforms to the ReferenceMap concept. |
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426 | template<class T> |
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427 | class NodeMap : public ReferenceMap<Node, T, T&, const T&> { |
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428 | public: |
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429 | |
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430 | /// Constructor |
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431 | explicit NodeMap(const Digraph&) { } |
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432 | /// Constructor with given initial value |
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433 | NodeMap(const Digraph&, T) { } |
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434 | |
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435 | private: |
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436 | ///Copy constructor |
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437 | NodeMap(const NodeMap& nm) : |
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438 | ReferenceMap<Node, T, T&, const T&>(nm) { } |
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439 | ///Assignment operator |
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440 | template <typename CMap> |
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441 | NodeMap& operator=(const CMap&) { |
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442 | checkConcept<ReadMap<Node, T>, CMap>(); |
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443 | return *this; |
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444 | } |
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445 | }; |
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446 | |
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447 | /// \brief Standard graph map type for the arcs. |
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448 | /// |
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449 | /// Standard graph map type for the arcs. |
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450 | /// It conforms to the ReferenceMap concept. |
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451 | template<class T> |
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452 | class ArcMap : public ReferenceMap<Arc, T, T&, const T&> { |
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453 | public: |
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454 | |
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455 | /// Constructor |
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456 | explicit ArcMap(const Digraph&) { } |
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457 | /// Constructor with given initial value |
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458 | ArcMap(const Digraph&, T) { } |
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459 | |
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460 | private: |
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461 | ///Copy constructor |
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462 | ArcMap(const ArcMap& em) : |
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463 | ReferenceMap<Arc, T, T&, const T&>(em) { } |
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464 | ///Assignment operator |
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465 | template <typename CMap> |
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466 | ArcMap& operator=(const CMap&) { |
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467 | checkConcept<ReadMap<Arc, T>, CMap>(); |
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468 | return *this; |
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469 | } |
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470 | }; |
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471 | |
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472 | template <typename _Digraph> |
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473 | struct Constraints { |
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474 | void constraints() { |
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475 | checkConcept<BaseDigraphComponent, _Digraph>(); |
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476 | checkConcept<IterableDigraphComponent<>, _Digraph>(); |
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477 | checkConcept<IDableDigraphComponent<>, _Digraph>(); |
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478 | checkConcept<MappableDigraphComponent<>, _Digraph>(); |
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479 | } |
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480 | }; |
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481 | |
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482 | }; |
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483 | |
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484 | } //namespace concepts |
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485 | } //namespace lemon |
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486 | |
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487 | |
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488 | |
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489 | #endif |
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